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Typification of twelve names in the genus Anaphalis DC. (Asteraceae)
Adansonia 43 (17)
In the present study, lectotypes for 12 names viz. Anaphalis beddomei Hook.f., Anaphalis bournei Fyson, Anaphalis elliptica DC., Anaphalis oblonga DC., Anaphalis oblonga var. lawii Hook.f., Anaphalis meeboldii W.W.Sm., Anaphalis travancorica W.W.Sm., Gnaphalium marcescens Wight, Gnaphalium neelgherryanum DC., Gnaphalium subdecurrens DC., Gnaphalium wightianum DC. and Helichrysum leptophyllum DC. are designated. Detailed notes and images of type specimens are provided.
Contribution to the bryophyte flora of New Caledonia IV. Species new to the country, new localities together with taxonomic notes
Cryptogamie, Bryologie 42 (13)
Thirteen liverworts and the same number of mosses are reported from recent collections in New Caledonia and from some type specimens kept in PC. Among them, 13 are new to this French oversea territory (seven liverworts and six mosses, including the new genus Rhaphidostichum M.Fleisch.). Ectropothecium papillosulum Thér. is a new synonym of E. sodale (Sull.) Mitt. and Isopterygium sarasinii Thér. is proposed as a synonym of I. albescens (Hook.) A.Jaeger. Hymenostomum francii Thér. is transferred to Weissia Hedw. as W. francii (Thér.) Thouvenot comb. nov. and H. aristatulum Broth. & Paris is transferred to Trichostomum Bruch as T. tonghoueensis Thouvenot nom. nov.
Foraminiferal biostratigraphy, facies and sequence stratigraphy analysis across the K-Pg Boundary in Hazara, Lesser Himalayas (Dhudial Section)
Geodiversitas 43 (18)
The sedimentary strata were sampled in the lesser Himalayas to probe paleoenvironmental changes across the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary in the eastern Tethys. The study provides an integrated lithologic and bio-sequence stratigraphic analysis, leading to paleoecology and paleoenvironmental interpretations. The planktic foraminiferal limestone of the late Cretaceous is overlain by lateritic sandstones and sandy foraminiferal limestones, the latter being of Paleocene age. Though the deposition of cretaceous strata mainly occurred in transgressive and high stand system tracts, the top of cretaceous is marked by type-I sequence boundary and low stand system tract, corresponding to the Paleocene Hangu Formation.
De l’utilisation en percussion lancée d’éclats bruts massifs dans les activités de boucherie et travail du bois : le niveau moustérien de la Doline de Cantalouette 2 (Dordogne, France)
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (37)
The Mousterian level of the Doline of Cantalouette 2, with a mean age of 60 000 years, is remarkable for its richness, composition and recurrent structuring of activities in space (Bourguignon et al. 2008). It also delivers a range of lithic tools used in percussion tasks. In addition to a large range of knapping hammers (on quartz pebbles, flakes or flint cores), massive flint flakes have also been used with percussion gestures for working perishable materials such as animal carcasses and plants. We will focus our present article exclusively on this last type of use.
New records of Dryinidae Haliday, 1833 (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea) from Iran
Zoosystema 43 (23)
New records of Dryinidae Haliday, 1833 (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea) from Iran are listed. Two subfamilies (Anteoninae R. Perkins, 1912 and Aphelopinae R. Perkins, 1912), three genera (Anteon Jurine, 1807; Aphelopus Dalman, 1823; and Bocchus Ashmead, 1893) and five species viz. Anteon abdulnouri Olmi, 1987, An. pubicorne (Dalman, 1818), Aphelopus melaleucus (Dalman, 1818), Ap. orphanidesi Olmi, 1994 and Bocchus hyalinus Olmi, 1998 are newly recorded from Iran. The putative male of Dryinus tamaricicola Rakhshani & Olmi, 2016 is discovered in Iran and described. Aphelopus orphanidesi is recorded for the first time from Germany and Sweden. The diagnostic characters of the newly known species are re-evaluated.
Onosma satensis sp. nov. (Boraginaceae: Lithospermeae), a new species from Hakkari (eastern Anatolia, Turkey)
Adansonia 43 (16)
A new species of Onosma L. (Boraginaceae: Lithospermeae), from the Hakkari province of eastern Turkey, is described and illustrated. The new species is endemic and distributed in a narrow area in the Sat Mountains. Taxonomically the closest relative of Onosma satensis sp. nov. is O. polioxantha Rech. f. which also occurs in Turkey. In addition, it is primarily distinguished from O. polioxantha by its navicular leaves, longer and reticulate cauline leaves, longer pedicels and calyx, longer and densely patent short setulose outside, reticulate corolla and bigger nutlets.
“Poor” archeological levels not to be forgotten: units of Middle and early Upper Magdalenian age in El Mirón Cave (Ramales de la Victoria, Cantabria, Spain)
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (36)
This succinct contribution focuses on description and preliminary interpretation of “minor” occupations of the large, strategically located El Mirón Cave on the edge of the Cantabrian Cordillera in eastern Cantabria (Spain) during the Middle and early Upper Magalenian that followed upon the massive, culturally rich, faunally dense, functionally complex deposits of the Initial and Lower Magdalenian. The ten levels analyzed here date to the Late Glacial, c. 15.5-12.5 uncal kya BP. At a time when the classic Middle Magdalenian of the nearby French Pyrenees developed and major residential sites with clear social links to it (via the key site of Isturitz) were occupied in the lowland coastal zone of Cantabria and Asturias (e.g.
The lizard (Reptilia, Squamata) assemblage from the Paleocene of Montchenot (Paris Basin, MP6)
Geodiversitas 43 (17)
Here we describe the lizard fauna from the locality of Montchenot (Paris Basin, late Paleocene, MP6). This material can be allocated to five major clades: Scincoidea, Lacertoidea (?Lacertidae), Amphisbaenia, Anguimorpha (?Anguidae and Shinisauridae). The assemblage from Monchenot is dominated by small lizard specimens and appears as highly sorted. Predation could produce such biased assemblages. The composition of the lizard fauna from Monchenot is rather similar to those of Cernay-lès-Reims and Rivecourt, two coeval localities (MP6) in the Paris Basin. However, these faunas sharply contrast (in diversity and composition) with the lizard fauna found in the early Eocene of the same area (Paris Basin and Belgian Basin).
2008-2019, plus d’une décennie d’échanges et de débats autour de la restauration écologique en France
Naturae 2021 (19)
The REVER 10 conference “Restoring or recovering” organized by MNHN (National Museum of Natural History) and REVER association in March 2019, was an opportunity to review the development of restoration ecology and ecological restoration, as the “Decade of Ecosystem Restoration” was being proclaimed by the UN. In France, the development of ecological restoration has been guided by the REVER association, a network created in 2008, on the model of the SER (Society for Ecological Restoration). It contributes to organizing annual conferences, promotes exchanges between technical and scientific stakeholders and the diffusion of knowledge, concepts and practices.
Terrestrial macro-arthropods of the sub-Antarctic islands of Possession (Crozet Archipelago) and Kerguelen: inventory of native and non-native species
Zoosystema 43 (22)
The sub-Antarctic islands of the Southern Ocean harbor biogeographically peculiar biotas which are under threat from climate change, biological invasions and their interactions. Understanding both the indigenous and changing non-indigenous components of these islands is essential for the conservation and management of their biotas. Based on several years of systematic sampling, we present an updated list of terrestrial, free-living macro-invertebrates (insects and spiders) present on the islands of Possession (Crozet Archipelago) and Kerguelen. Ninety-four species were recorded in total on both islands. Forty-one are strictly endemic to one of the two islands, 16 are endemic to the South Indian Ocean Province, and only three were recorded on other sub-Antarctic islands.
The marine vegetation of the Kerguelen Islands: history of scientific campaigns, inventory of the flora and first analysis of its biogeographical affinities
Cryptogamie, Algologie 42 (12)
Conceived as a baseline for the management and conservation of the marine protected area of the French Southern Territories (réserve naturelle nationale des Terres australes françaises), the checklist of marine macroalgae of the Kerguelen Islands was updated based on an extensive review of the literature and scientific databases, from the first report of the Ross expedition, in 1840, to the most recent works. This work was also conceived as a starting point for forthcoming investigations using molecular systematics tools and for monitoring the effects of global change on sub-Antarctic marine ecosystems. After a brief history of scientific campaigns, a list of 166 species was established (103 Rhodophyta, 35 Chlorophyta and 28 Ochrophyta [Phaeophyceae]).
Ordovician conodont biofacies of the upper La Silla and San Juan formations (middle Tremadocian-lower Dapingian) at Cerro La Silla, Argentine Precordillera
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (35)
Conodonts from the upper La Silla (9.6 m thick) and San Juan formations (264.7 m thick) at the Cerro La Silla section are analyzed for the identification of faunal dynamics, biofacies and sea-level changes. The conodont collection of 11 388 specimens was recovered after digestion of 41 samples of carbonate rocks, totalizing 88.155 kg. Conodont total abundance and generic diversity graphs, as well as cluster analysis, reveal seven biofacies. The Colaptoconus, Tropodus-Reutterodus, Oepikodus-Prioniodus, Juanognathus-Bergstroemognathus, Juanognathus-Oepikodus-Protopanderodus, Juanognathus-Protopanderodus, Juanognathus-Semiacontiodus biofacies are determined.