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Ulva L. (Ulvales, Chlorophyta) from Manawatāwhi/Three Kings Islands, New Zealand: Ulva piritoka Ngāti Kuri, Heesch & W.A.Nelson, sp. nov. and records of two non-native species, U. compressa and U. rigida
Cryptogamie, Algologie 42 (9)
Manawatāwhi/Three Kings Islands lie to the north of the North Island of New Zealand. Manawatāwhi is part of the rohe (territory) of Ngāti Kuri, with the islands having spiritual, cultural, political and customary significance. This group of small islands has one of the most pristine coastlines in New Zealand, with no human-mediated impacts from current land use, no permanent anchorage points, and landing on the islands is prohibited. The islands harbour a rich marine biota with a number of endemic species. A recent collection trip and molecular genetic studies using the rbcL marker revealed the presence of three entities of the genus Ulva L. (Ulvales, Chlorophyta) on the islands.
Variability of the lower incisors in the cave bears (Carnivora, Ursidae) from the Caucasus and Urals
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (25)
Morphometric and morphotypic variability of the cave bear lower incisors from two different geographic regions (Caucasus and Urals), different stratigraphic periods (Middle and Late Pleistocene), and bearing different mitochondrial haplogroups (kudarensis (Baryshnikov, 1985) and ingressus Rabeder, Hofreiter & Withalm, 2004) was studied. Urals Ursus kanivetz Vereshchagin, 1973 is clearly distinguished from Caucasian U. kudarensis by morphology of the upper and lower incisors. The Urals cave bear exhibits more derived features compared to the Caucasian cave bears. Ursus kanivetz exhibits the largest average size of the lower incisors. The lower incisors of U. kanivetz are clearly distinct from those in U. kudarensis.
Koponobryum papillosum Printarakul & Chantanaorr., sp. nov. (Pottiaceae, Bryophyta), a new moss species from northern Thailand
Cryptogamie, Bryologie 42 (9)
Koponobryum papillosum Printarakul & Chantanaorr., sp. nov., is described as a second species of the genus found in Chiang Mai and Lamphun Provinces, northern Thailand. It is distinguished from K. bengalense (Gangulee) Arts by autoicous plants, papillose spores and axillary hairs consisting of one short basal cell and 1-4(5) longer upper cells. A taxonomic description, illustrations and SEM micrographs are presented.
The genus Stenoterommata Holmberg, 1881 (Araneae, Pycnothelidae) in the Cerrado and Atlantic Forest from Southeastern and Central Brazil: description of four new species
Zoosystema 43 (17)
Four new species of the mygalomorph spider genus Stenoterommata Holmberg, 1881 are described from Southeastern and Central Brazil. They are among the first described species that occur in the Brazilian Cerrado: S. neodiplornata Ghirotto & Indicatti, n. sp. from São Paulo state, in areas of Atlantic Forest, of savanna and of seasonal forest (Cerradão); S. chavarii Ghirotto & Indicatti, n. sp. from Botucatu, São Paulo state, in ecotonal areas of Atlantic Forest and Cerrado, as well as open anthropized areas similar to savannas; S. bodoquena Ghirotto & Indicatti, n. sp. from Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul state, in areas of Atlantic Forest with Cerrado influences and seasonal forest; S. egric Ghirotto & Indicatti, n. sp.
Solmsia Baill.: a taxonomic revision of an endemic New Caledonian genus of Thymelaeaceae
Adansonia 43 (12)
The endemic New Caledonian Solmsia Baill. (Thymelaeaceae Juss.: Octolepidoideae Gilg) was founded in 1871 on two species, S. calophylla Baill. and S. chrysophylla Baill. Over the past 150 years, the genus has received little attention taxonomically or otherwise. New morphological, ecological and distribution information gathered from 484 herbarium specimens indicate that the two currently recognized species (evaluated as morphogroups) exhibit continuous, overlapping variation based on statistical multivariate analyses. Both partially sympatric morphogroups are treated here as conspecific under S. calophylla, the lectotype of the genus, and formal recognition of either group at any infraspecific rank is deemed unnecessary.
Siega Verde and the open-air rock art of the northern Iberian Peninsula (Spain)
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (24)
Siega Verde was the third open-air rock art site to be discovered in the Iberian Peninsula, even before Côa and the controversy that followed that discovery. Its practicable size and the study carried out without any publicity allowed the analysis of a new reality that would change the interpretation of Palaeolithic art. From the start of the research, stylistic criteria were used to date the art in the absence of archaeological excavations. Although this has often been criticized, it meant that Siega Verde and Côa could be dated from Leroi-Gourhan’s Style II onwards. Excavations at Fariseu, a site belonging to Côa in Portugal, have proved that hypothesis archaeologically, as well as supporting the applicability of Leroi-Gourhan’s styles.
The anatomy, phylogenetic relationships, and autecology of the carnivorous lizard “Saniwa” feisti Stritzke, 1983 from the Eocene of Messel, Germany
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (23)
The evolution and interrelationships of carnivorous squamates (mosasaurs, snakes, monitor lizards, Gila Monsters) are a contentious part of reptile systematics and go to the heart of conflict between morphological and molecular data in inferring evolutionary history. One of the best-preserved fossils in this motley grouping is “Saniwa” feisti Stritzke, 1983, represented by complete skeletons from the early-middle Eocene of Messel, Germany. We re-describe it on the basis of superficial examination, stereoradiography, and high-resolution X-ray computed tomography of new and published specimens.
Modélisation de la distribution des petites chouettes de montagne dans les Alpes du Nord françaises
Naturae 2021 (13)
Small mountain owls (the Tengmalm Owl, Aegolius funereus (Linnaeus, 1758) and the Eurasian Pygmy Owl, Glaucidium passerinum (Linnaeus, 1758)) comprise a few hundred to a few thousand couples in France. Their conservation is at stake regarding their rarity, especially with respect to global change issues. However, their distributions remind little known, especially in the Northern Alps, where presence data are available. Through a collaboration between INRAE, la Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux et l’Office national des Forêts, we used occurrence data (2007-2014) to model the distribution of the two species based on six environmental variables that potentially affect their distribution.
Cryptic but ubiquitous: Claviradulomyceae fam. nov. with five novel species of the lenticel fungus Claviradulomyces from Brazil
Cryptogamie, Mycologie 42 (7)
Claviradulomyces P.R.Johnst., D.C.Park, H.C.Evans, R.W.Barreto & D.J.Soares was proposed to accommodate an apothecial fungus found growing on abnormal lenticels of Erythroxylon mannii Oliv. (Erythroxylaceae) in Africa (Ghana and Ivory Coast). After a second species of Claviradulomyces – C. xylopiae R.W.Barreto, H.C.Evans & P.R.Johnst. – was found, also growing on abnormal lenticels of a plant belonging to a different family (Annonaceae) in South America (Brazil), it was conjectured that Claviradulomyces might be ubiquitous, but overlooked because of its cryptic nature. Here indications that this hypothesis may be correct were strenghned.
New species of the genera Limentinus Distant, 1917 and Calodia Nielson, 1982 (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae, Coelidiinae) from the Makay Massif of Madagascar, with a key to Malagasy species
Zoosystema 43 (16)
Three new species of the genus Limentinus Distant, 1917 and one new species of the genus Calodia Nielson, 1982 are described from the former Toliara Province of southwestern Madagascar: Limentinus oryx n. sp., L. nielsoni n. sp., L. nigrifacies n. sp., Calodia makayensis n. sp. The genus Calodia Nielson, 1982 is recorded for the first time from Madagascar. Coelidia perineti Evans, 1953 is redescribed and transferred to the genus Limentinus with a new combination formed, Limentinus perineti (Evans, 1953) n. comb. Key to species of the tribe Coelidiini Dohrn, 1859 known currently from Madagascar is given.
Dispersal and early evolution of the first modern cricetid rodents in Western Europe: new data from the Vallès-Penedès Basin (Catalonia)
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (22)
Modern cricetids originated in Asia and dispersed into Western Europe by the end of the early Miocene, where they quickly became major components of the rodent faunas. Here we review the early Miocene rodent record of the genera Democricetodon Fahlbusch, 1964 and Megacricetodon Fahlbusch, 1964 in the Vallès-Penedès Basin (Catalonia, Spain). Democricetodon is represented by four species in the studied sites (D. hispanicus Freudenthal, 1967, D. cf. decipiens (Freudenthal & Daams, 1988), D. gracilis Fahlbusch, 1964 and a large-sized undetermined species) and Megacricetodon by one (M. primitivus (Freudenthal, 1963)).
Pigs in rites, rights in pigs: porcine values in the Papua New Guinea Highlands
Anthropozoologica 56 (8)
This paper discusses the place of pigs in the mountains of Papua New Guinea, particularly in the Was valley of the Southern Highlands Province. After a brief introduction to the pigs of the region and their herding arrangements, it gives an ethnographic account of their use in various rites, notably those that feature curing, sorcery and cult activities. They prompt consideration of the relevance of concepts used to understand these ritual activities, whether they are offerings or sacrifices or something else particular to pigs in rites. The cults also include large pig kill festivals that have notable socio-political implications. These relate to rights in pigs and their ownership, which are complex issues that impinge on all of the foregoing activities.