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Lithophyllum artabricum V.Peña, sp. nov. (Corallinales, Rhodophyta): a cryptic species in the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula hitherto assigned to Lithophyllum stictiforme (Areschoug) Hauck
Cryptogamie, Algologie 42 (11)
Lithophyllum stictiforme (Areschoug) Hauck contributes to the formation of the Mediterranean coralligenous concretions. In the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula, L. stictiforme has also been reported based on subtidal collections showing the characteristic morphology described for this species. Recent studies uncovered a diverse complex of cryptic species from the Mediterranean Sea assigned to L. stictiforme. Thereafter, the Atlantic Iberian collections have been re-assessed with the aim of clarifying its taxonomic status. Based on molecular (COI, psbA) and morphological data, the new species Lithophyllum artabricum V.Peña, sp. nov. is described herein.
Un Pterostylis R.Br. nouveau (Orchidaceae, Orchidoideae, Cranichideae) de Nouvelle-Calédonie
Adansonia 43 (15)
A new species from New Caledonia, Pterostylis longilabia M.Pignal, sp. nov. is described and illustrated. Morphological characters that distinguish the new taxon from the related species, P. ophioglossa R.Br. are essentially a lip of the same length as the median sepal, without basal extension (instead of a shorter lip with a fimbriated extension at its base) and a narrowly angled sinus between the synsepals (instead of a rounded or open-angle sinus). Due to the high threats to its locality, the proposed IUCN conservation status is EN (Endangered). An identification key is given for New Caledonian Pterostylis species in English and French.
Osteological revision of the holotype of the Middle Jurassic sauropod dinosaur Patagosaurus fariasi Bonaparte, 1979 (Sauropoda: Cetiosauridae)
Geodiversitas 43 (16)
Middle Jurassic sauropod taxa are poorly known, due to a stratigraphic bias of localities yielding body fossils. One such locality is Cerro Cóndor North, Cañadón Asfalto Formation, Patagonia, Argentina, dated to latest Early−Middle Jurassic. From this locality, the holotype of Patagosaurus fariasi Bonaparte 1986 is revised. The material consists of the axial skeleton, the pelvic girdle, and the right femur.
Mammals collected and illustrated by the Baudin Expedition to Australia and Timor (1800-1804): A review of the current taxonomy of specimens in the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle and the illustrations in the Muséum d’Histoire naturelle du Havre
Zoosystema 43 (21)
The expedition commanded by the Frenchman Nicolas Thomas Baudin aboard the ships Le Géographe and Le Naturaliste (and Le Casuarina for the return journey) to the southern hemisphere between 1800-1804 collected specimens from numerous locations including the Canary Islands (Tenerife), Île de France (Mauritius), Cape Town (South Africa), Australia and Timor. Additionally, specimens were donated or purchased from locations not visited including the Comoros, Madagascar and Sumatra. Unfortunately, Baudin died at Île de France on the return trip so the responsibility of the account of the voyage was given to other members of the expedition.
Quand les cochons n’en font qu’à leur tête : des suidés nourris aux suidés chassés chez les Tao de Pongso no Tao
Anthropozoologica 56 (10)
This paper investigates Tao (Yami) people’s various engagement with pigs as social agents. How do Tao people make sense of the encounter with this non-human? Pongso no Tao, in Taiwan, is the territory of the Tao, an indigenous community belonging to the Austronesian-speaking peoples. In Tao’s onto-cosmological conceptions, the entanglement between animals and humans participate in the blurring of the interspecies boundaries, making it possible to apprehend alterities as intentional beings. The flying fish may be the most respected animal on the island, however the Suidae play a key role in Tao’s life too. In Pongso no Tao, raising pigs is a sign of commitment to interpersonal relationships.
The genus Microananteris Lourenço, 2003 in French Guiana (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
Zoosystema 43 (20)
Two new humicolous micro-buthid species belonging to the genus Microananteris Lourenço, 2003 are described from French Guiana. The descriptions are based on two adult specimens collected in organic soil with the use of extraction by the Berlese method. The new discoveries bring further support to the validity of the genus Microananteris. The geographic distribution of the known species of Microananteris remains limited to the only territory of French Guiana.
Ancestral foxes at the gates of Europe: the Pliocene fox from Çalta-1 (Turkey) and their relationships with Asian and European Plio-Pleistocene foxes
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (29)
The Pliocene record of genus Vulpes Frisch, 1775 in Eurasia is scarce, coming from few sparse localities. The lack of a comprehensive and integrated revision led to the description of numerous different taxa, often only tentatively related to extant species but not with one another. Çalta-1 is an important Pliocene site located in the Anatolian region of Turkey, dated to 4.0 Ma. In the present review, we reappraise the interesting record of Vulpes galatica Ginsburg, 1998. Morphological and morphometric evidence suggests a strong similarity between this taxon and the early Late Pliocene V. beihaiensis Qiu & Tedford, 1990, recovered from the Chinese Yushe Basin.
Taxonomic significance of trichomes in the genus Acanthopsis Harv. (Acanthaceae, tribe Acantheae)
Adansonia 43 (14)
Hitherto characters derived mostly from macromorphology were used to distinguish among the members of Acanthopsis Harv., a taxonomically difficult group of plants endemic to arid parts of southern Africa. The taxonomic significance of leaf and bract indumentum in Acanthopsis was investigated using light, and scanning electron microscopy. Five non-glandular and three glandular trichome types were distinguished on the leaves and floral bracts. None of these trichome types are unique to the genus. Although the indumentum is variable in Acanthopsis, the density/dominance of specific trichome types was useful to distinguish among certain taxa, particularly on the abaxial surfaces of leaves and bracts.
A new integrated morpho- and molecular systematic classification of Cenozoic radiolarians (Class Polycystinea) – suprageneric taxonomy and logical nomenclatorial acts
Geodiversitas 43 (15)
A revised taxonomy of Cenozoic radiolarian families is of particular importance because exhaustive molecular phylogenetic analyses for Collodaria, Entactinaria, Nassellaria and Spumellaria have shown high level of confidence at family or higher taxonomic ranks. In this sense, this study presents a new comprehensive taxonomy at the family level that integrated a classification based on ribosomal taxonomic marker genes (rDNA) and classical morphological taxonomy. However, many family names commonly used in Cenozoic radiolarians (Polycystinea) are derived from genera whose type species were never illustrated at the time of the generic definition.
A new species of Nowellia Mitt. (Marchantiophyta, Cephaloziaceae) discovered in New Caledonia
Cryptogamie, Bryologie 42 (10)
Nowellia asperilobula sp. nov., from New Caledonia, is described as a new species of Nowellia Mitt. section Metanowellia, raising the total number of known species in the genus to eleven. The habitat of the new species and morphological features distinguishing it from the two other New Caledonian species in the genus, N. langii Pearson and N. pusilla Grolle, are addressed.
Ericaria giacconei sp. nov. (Sargassaceae, Fucophyceae), the species to which the invalidly published Cystoseira hyblaea Giaccone should be referred
Cryptogamie, Algologie 42 (10)
In this paper, a new species of the Cystoseira complex from Porto Palo di Capo Passero (Sicily, Italy) is described. The species, which shows the same characters as Cystoseira hyblaea Giaccone as described by Giaccone (1986) and Bouafif et al. (2016), from its morpho-anatomical characters, is assigned to the genus Ericaria Stackhouse. Because of “Cystoseira hyblaea” was not validly published name, Ericaria giacconei sp. nov. is here described.