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Doing the “dirty work”: how hunters were enlisted in sanitary rituals and wild boars destruction to fight Belgium’s ASF (African Swine Fever) outbreak
Anthropozoologica 56 (6)
In the early autumn of 2018, a virus as contagious as it is deadly, carried by wild boars (Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758) with the probable involvement of humans, crossed the Belgian border. African swine fever, which only affects suidae, is rapidly spreading in the forests of Gauma. The boar, whose status has gradually shifted from a regional emblem to a symbol of hunting abuses, finds itself abruptly transformed into a sanitary threat needing to be eliminated. The wild swine can contaminate its domestic cousin, the farmed pig (Sus domesticus Erxleben, 1777). Therefore, the spread of the virus would jeopardise the fragile Belgian pig farming sector concentrated in the north of the country.
Osteological atlas of new lizards from the Phosphorites du Quercy (France), based on historical, forgotten, fossil material
Geodiversitas 43 (9)
A long-forgotten, old collection of lizards from the Phosphorites du Quercy in southern France, housed in the Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna (NHMW), is described in detail in this paper. The material, consisting of several almost complete cranial and postcranial disarticulated elements, originates from different, imprecisely known localities. Nevertheless, the completeness and exceptional preservation of many of these specimens permitted the identification of new taxa, as well as the recognition and better understanding of novel anatomical features of previously described forms. Among the specimens, the material described herein and referred to Cadurcogekko cf. piveteaui ranks among the most complete cranial remains of Paleogene gekkotans.
A taxonomic review of the mygalomorph spider genus Linothele Karsch, 1879 (Araneae, Dipluridae)
Zoosystema 43 (10)The neotropical diplurid spider genus Linothele Karsch, 1879 is reviewed. Three species of Linothele are newly described: Linothele septentrionalis n. sp. based on the absence of maxillary cuspules and presence of a sternal pattern; Linothele spinosa n. sp. based on the presence of preening-combs and its genital morphology; Linothele uniformis n. sp. based on its scopula, clypeus and genital morphology. Eight species names are newly synonymized: Linothele soricina (Simon, 1889) n. syn. is recognized a junior synonym of Linothele curvitarsis Karsch, 1879; Linothele bitaeniata (Mello-Leitão, 1941) n. syn. and Linothele nigerrima (Mello-Leitão, 1941) n. syn.
Updated distribution of rare stonewort Chara kokeilii A.Braun (Charophyta) in Southeast Europe with environmental notes
Cryptogamie, Algologie 42 (5)
A new site for stonewort Chara kokeilii A.Braun was recorded in a Mediterranean shallow lake Prološko Blato Retention, Croatia, SE Europe. The species was associated with the vegetation alliance Potamogetonion graminei Westhoff & Den Held. This record has been compared with four other sites (Albania, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro) from which the species was recorded in SE Europe, regarding the species morphological traits, environmental parameters and vegetation types. It is possible that the main distribution area of this species is in Southeast Europe, a statement that is supported by previous micropaleontological research. This research provides new data on distribution and ecological affiliation of the critically endangered C.
Pseudodrobna natator n. comb., a new link between crustacean faunas from the Jurassic of Germany and Cretaceous of Lebanon
Geodiversitas 43 (8)
Dendrobranchiate shrimps are abundant in Fossil-Lagerstätten (where fossils are exceptionally preserved). Despite their preservation, classifying them can be challenging as most diagnostic characters are based upon extant species. Penaeus natator Glaessner, 1945 (Late Cretaceous, Lebanon, Sahel Alma), is one of those cases in which the systematic assignment of the species can be difficult. It was assigned by “default” to Penaeus Fabricius, 1798, before being moved to Metapenaeopsis Bouvier, 1905. The recent description of Pseudodrobna kenngotti Winkler, 2017 (Late Jurassic, Germany, Schernfeld, a Solnhofen-type Fossil-Lagerstätte) shows that Penaeus natator should be assigned to Pseudodrobna Winkler, 2017.
Les Psilidae de France (Diptera : Acalyptrata) : checklist et clés de détermination des genres et des espèces
Naturae 2021 (9)
The study of more than 1300 specimens updates the situation concerning the Diptera of the Psilidae family. A list of the French fauna (continental) is proposed, accompanied by illustrated determination keys for the six genera and 37 French species (with five other potential species). For the genus Chamaepsila, the proposed key is provisional. The illustration of the genitalia of Chamaepsila villosula male is however unpublished. A few elements of ecology (notably chorology and larval habitats) of the species cited are also detailed from elements collected in the literature.
Fungal Biodiversity Profiles 101-110
Cryptogamie, Mycologie 42 (5)
In this new series of Fungal Biodiversity Profiles, the authors provide a description for a new species of Rachomyces Thaxt. (Ascomycota, Laboulbeniales) and several Basidiomycota: for the first time illustrated type studies for two older species of Cantharellus Adans. ex Fr. (Hydnaceae, Cantharellales), C. subcibarius Corner 1966 from Malaysia and C. pseudocibarius P.Henn. 1907 from Cameroon are provided, while in Agaricales, family Inocybaceae, three new Inosperma (Kühner) Matheny & Esteve-Rav. are described from miombo woodland in Zambia (Africa): I. afromelliolens Eyssart. & Buyck, sp. nov., I. boeticum Eyssart. & Buyck, sp. nov. and I. submaculatum Eyssart. & Buyck, sp. nov.
Late Paleogene herpetofaunas from the crossroads between two continents – new amphibian and reptile remains from the Oligocene of southern Balkans and Anatolia
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (15)
We describe here new amphibian and reptile remains from three Oligocene localities of Turkey. Two of the localities (Kavakdere and Kocayarma) are situated in southeastern Europe and the other one (Kargi 2) in Anatolia, both areas where Oligocene herpetofauna is practically almost unknown. The material consists of albanerpetontids, pelobatid anurans, turtles, crocodylians, lacertids, scinciformatans, anguines, and “tropidophiids”. Albanerpetontids are for the first time identified in southeastern Europe, with the material being reminiscent of the younger species Albanerpeton inexpectatum Estes & Hoffstetter, 1976; the material potentially represents the oldest record of that species.
North American species of Rubus L. (Rosaceae) described from European botanical gardens (1789-1823)
Adansonia 43 (8)
Native Rubus were brought from North America to European botanical gardens in the 18th and early 19th centuries, and some were described as new species. Limited knowledge of Rubus in that era, typically combined with brief descriptions, led to many incorrect interpretations, causing much confusion (especially in North America). We established a project to clarify the identity of these confusing species by reviewing types and descriptions along with comparative work involving modern collections.
New material of the frog Hungarobatrachus szukacsi Szentesi & Venczel, 2010, from the Santonian of Hungary, supports its neobatrachian affinities and reveals a Gondwanan influence on the European Late Cretaceous anuran fauna
Geodiversitas 43 (7)
The Late Cretaceous anuran Hungarobatrachus szukacsi Szentesi & Venczel, 2010 was erected for isolated ilia and tibio-fibulae from the Santonian-age Iharkút locality, in northwestern Hungary. On the strength of ilial features, H. szukacsi was interpreted as a neobatrachian and possible ranoid, making it the only pre-Cenozoic occurrence for both clades in Laurasia. New ilia and the first examples of skull bones (incomplete frontoparietals, squamosals, maxillae, and angulosplenials) from the type locality provide new insights into the taxonomic distinctiveness, osteology, and evolutionary history of H. szukacsi.
The Mousterian loess sequence La Combette (France) and its chronological framework: A re-investigation
Comptes Rendus Palevol 20 (14)
The La Combette rock-shelter, located in the Luberon mountains (Southern France), is an essential local archaeological discovery. The site comprises several Palaeolithic layers suggesting multiple phases of Mousterian occupation. The sediment sequence of c. 7 m thickness indicates rapid changes in the environmental conditions, which led to an abandonment of the site. While the first chronological studies were carried out in the late 1990s, in 2014, new sediment samples were taken for state-of-the-art luminescence-dating analyses using fine grain (4-11 µm) quartz and polymineral separates.
Schistidium apocarpum complex (Grimmiaceae, Bryophyta) in the Baetic Mountain Ranges, southern Iberian Peninsula
Cryptogamie, Bryologie 42 (5)
A morphological review of the Schistidium apocarpum complex (Grimmiaceae) in the Baetic Mountain Ranges (southern part of the Iberian Peninsula) was conducted. The study shows the presence of nine species in the territory. An identification key is provided, and the most relevant differentiating morphological characters of the species are described and analysed. Distribution patterns and important habitats for the species are discussed. Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. is excluded from the territory and the ranges of all the species are considerably expanded. A new combination is proposed, Schistidium griseum (Nees & Hornsch.) J.Guerra, comb. nov., stat. nov.