The radiocarbon dating and the pluridisciplinary studies held since seven years in the Chauvet Cave revealed an European parietal art from the origins that trace back to the first upper Palaeolithic culture: the Aurignacian. Could a climatic change have promoted his emergence? Could have it led new human groups in some more auspicious lands? Moreover, which role the environment plays in the artistic creation of the Palaeolithic ages? From what we can see in Chauvet art, we will attempt to deduce the palaeoenvironment and the conditions that presided at its occurrence.
Chauvet cave, Palaeolithic parietal art, Aurignacian, bestiary, chronology, palaeoenvironment, France