Climat et néolithisation de l'Europe méditerranéenne

Jean-Pierre MOHEN

fr Comptes Rendus Palevol 5 (1-2) - Pages 453-462

Published on 28 February 2006

This article is a part of the thematic issue Climates - Culture - Society in prehistoric times. From the appearance of hominids to the Neolithic.

Climate and neolithisation in Mediterranean Europe

The evolution of the climate during the Neolithic time was surely crucial for the beginning of an economy of production, in relation with the natural environment. It is interesting to follow the different situations between 10000 and 2000 BC, the ecological change of the European part of the Mediterranean and the two desert sequences in the Sahara and in North Africa, with dramatic human consequences. On the other way, the Neolithic Europe develops in the south, a new rural and merchant society with the building of the first villages, the occupation of islands which are involved with special trades (obsidian, copper, pottery), research of social identities (big travels like fortifications and megaliths) and of religious ones (goddess and ancestors) bringing weapon conflicts.


Climate, Neolithic, Mediterranean Europe, near East, breeder, farmer, village, megalith, obsidian, copper, goddess

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