Plant Resources from the Bronze Age and the first Iron Age in the northwestern arc of the Mediterranean Basin

Natalia ALONSO & Laurent BOUBY

en Comptes Rendus Palevol 16 (4) - Pages 363-377

Published on 31 July 2017

This paper updates the question of plant resources during the Bronze Age and First Iron Age in the northwestern Mediterranean Basin. Among the cereals, six-row hulled barley is dominant throughout the territory, whereas naked and hulled wheats take on greater or lesser roles from region to region. Millet cultivation developed during the Bronze Age and became widespread in the First Iron Age. Apart from cereals, pulses, oil species and fruit appear to be secondary. Results from the study of archaeobotanical remains on wetland sites, however, lead us to question this finding, as oil plants and fruits are much better represented in waterlogged conditions. The cultivation of vine began in the First Iron Age. In spite of a number of characteristics common to plants throughout the study area, regional differences, evident in the Bronze Age, seem to dissipate in the First Iron Age.


Archaeobotany, Northwestern Mediterranean, Bronze Age, First Iron Age

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