Exploitation de la vesce commune ( Vicia sativa L.) au Néolithique moyen dans le Sud de la France. Données carpologiques du site de Claparouse (Lagnes, Vaucluse)

Laurent BOUBY & Vanessa LÉA

fr Comptes Rendus Palevol 5 (8) - Pages 973-980

Published on 31 December 2006

Common vetch ( Vicia sativa L.) exploitation during middle Neolithic times in Southern France. Archaeobotanical data from Claparouse (Lagnes, Vaucluse)

Beginnings of common vetch cultivation are poorly documented. Domestication could have occurred in various places. Common vetch is recorded by rare seeds in pre-Neolithic and Neolithic sites but firm evidence of cultivation does not seem available before Roman times. The Neolithic site of Claparouse is providing evidence of utilization and probable cultivation as early as some 6000 years ago. Even if this pulse is nowadays only a fodder plant, it was more likely used as human food at that time. We do not know whether it was introduced in western Europe from the Near East or locally domesticated.


Archaeobotany, palaeoagronomy, Neolithic, Vicia sativa L., spread of agriculture, pulse crop, France

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