Before the transition? The final middle Palaeolithic lithic industry from the Grotte du Renne (layer XI) at Arcy-sur-Cure (Burgundy, France)

Roxane ROCCA, Nelly CONNET & Vincent LHOMME

en Comptes Rendus Palevol 16 (8) - Pages 878-893

Published on 31 December 2017

The Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure (Burgundy, France) has yielded remains from several occupation layers, extending from the end of the middle Palaeolithic to the upper Palaeolithic. The last Mousterian layer (XI), which precedes the Châtelperronian occupations (layers Xa, Xb, Xc, IX, VIII), was previously interpreted as a precursor of the transition complex. The new study of the lithic assemblage of layer XI, in the context of the other final Mousterian occupations in Arcy (Grotte du Bison, Galerie Schoepflin Rotonde, Grotte de l’Hyène) challenges this hypothesis. The Mousterian Arcy complex can be divided into three main techno-complexes: Levallois–Charentian, Discoid–Denticulate and Levallois Mousterian. We observed a rupture between the final Mousterian and Châtelperronian industries as regards all the aspects of the technical system; production methods, blank management, tool types, and some changes in raw material composition.


Arcy-sur-Cure, Discoid, Denticulate, Final Mousterian, Lithic industry, MUP Transition

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