The fossil remains of Homo floresiensis have been debated extensively over the past few years. This paper will give a brief summary of the current debate, which can be summed up in three main competing explanations for the morphology of the type specimen: pathology, descendent of an early australopith-like hominin, or insular descendent of H. erectus . This paper will make a case for island dwarfing being the most plausible scenario, with H. erectus as the mainland ancestor. Additionally, the morphology of the pelvis and lower limbs are compared to other insular vertebrates and interpreted in terms of function and adaptation to the island environment of Flores.
Homo floresiensis, LB1, Insular dwarfing, Locomotion, Gender, Pelvis, Lower limbs