Mythes de l’origine du tigre et de ses rayures et de l’origine du taureau portant la terre chez les Jawi de Thaïlande du Sud et les anciens Malais péninsulaires : approche ethnoscientifique d’un symbole social central

Pierre LE ROUX

fr Anthropozoologica 58 (4) - Pages 35-58

Published on 21 April 2023

Myths of the origin of the tiger and its stripes and the origin of the bull carrying the earth amongst the Jawi of Southern Thailand and the ancient peninsular Malays: ethnoscientific approach to a central social symbol

The Jawi of Southern Thailand form a cultural conservatory of the ancient peninsular Malay world of which they testify. Islam arrived in their country at the end of the 14th century. However, Islam was present overall among the elites and coastal population and it spread in the highlands only slowly. Like the Malays, they were first animists and then Hindu, influenced by India. They retain the imprint in their ritual beliefs and practices and in the myths of the oldest background. The example of the tiger, a predator that largely dominates the local fauna and the fabulous bestiary of the Jawi and the Malays, shows this well. The myth of the origin of the tiger and that of its stripes mixes animist and Indian sources with more recent Muslim currents and associates with the tiger the figures of the bull and the buffalo, the lion, the archangel Gabriel, the devil and Sayidina Ali, son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad and Malay cultural hero.


Malay world, animism, Hinduism, Islam, cosmogony, metamorphosis.

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