Two new species of Endiandra R.Br. are described from New Caledonia. Endiandra humboldtiana Munzinger & McPherson, sp. nov. is distinguishable from Endiandra lecardii Guillaumin and E. neocaledonica Kosterm. only by rather subtle details of flower size (3 mm long versus 2-2.5mm), leaf indument and distribution, even though molecular data indicate that it is genetically closer to an undescribed species from Roches de la Ouaième. Endiandra trichogyna Munzinger & McPherson, sp. nov. had previously been confused with E. baillonii (Pancher & Sébert) Guillaumin, but is easily distinguished from that and all other species present in New Caledonia by its densely pubescent ovary. A preliminary identification key is presented.
New Caledonia, Lauraceae, conservation, new species