Peliosanthes maheswariana D. Borah, N. Tanaka & Taram, sp. nov. is described and illustrated from West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh, NE India. It is similar to P. sinica F.T.Wang & Tang in sharing such characters as a long proximally creeping stem and tufts of leaves at some intervals, but can be clearly distinguished mainly by the larger leaves with more numerous longitudinal veins, longer peduncle, larger slightly drooping flowers and almost superior ovary. On the other hand, we also found P. sinica occurring in the same district of Arunachal Pradesh, which is a new record for the flora of India. We provided taxonomic data on these two species with notes concerning their relationships to congeners.
Asparagaceae, Arunachal Pradesh, eastern Himalayas, flora, plant geography, new species