The rare hyolith Alfaites romeo gen. et sp. nov. is described from the lower half of the middle Cambrian (Drumian) Buchava Formation of the Skryje-Týřovice Basin in the Barrandian area of the Czech Republic. This new taxon is based on excellently preserved external and internal moulds of three opercula and several conchs collected from carbonate nodules and shale. This rare species has been established at three separate outcrops in the lower part of the Biozone of Paradoxides (Eccaparadoxides) pusillus (Barrande 1846). Morphology of conch and both external and internal surface of operculum are well known. However, specific morphology excludes assignment to any predescribed hyolithid family.
Hyolitha, Alfaites, Drumian, Cambrian Series 3, Skryje-Týřovice Basin, Barrandian area, Czech Republic.