This paper explores the interesting diversity within the group of "smooth chanterelles" and introduces several new taxa from the tropics: C. sublaevis Buyck & Eyssart. and C. cibarioides (Heinem.) Buyck comb. nov. from Africa, C. eccentricus Buyck & V. Hofstetter and C. neocaledonicus Buyck, V. Hofstetter, Eyssart. & Ducousso from New Caledonia and C. incrassatus Buyck & V. Hofstetter from Malaysia.