Atbarapur (Hoshiarpur district, Punjab), the Acheulian of the Siwalik Range within the South Asian context

Claire GAILLARD, Mukesh SINGH, Kulbhushan Kumar RISHI & Vipnesh BHARDWAJ

en Comptes Rendus Palevol 9 (5) - Pages 237-243

Published on 31 August 2010

The largest collection of Acheulian artefacts in the Siwalik region is from the site of Atbarapur in north-western India. The artefacts occur in reworked sediments of the Pinjore Formation, starting with the onset of the Pleistocene and continuing at places in this region till 0.6 Ma. The technical study shows two similar “chaînes opératoires”: one based on cobbles for making small flakes and the second based on boulders for large flakes. Both are short and simple: cores are not prepared and each of them produced about seven flakes. Handaxes and cleavers, typical Acheulian tools, are made on the large flakes, often struck from the ventral face of larger flakes (Kombewa method) or from split boulders. The technology compares well with the Lower Pleistocene Acheulian of peninsular India, but with slightly more refined bifaces. It also compares with assemblages from Africa and East Asia: Atbarapur stands as a milestone on the diffusion route(s) of the Acheulian.


Acheulian, Lower Palaeolithic, Asia, Siwaliks, Large flake, Handaxe, Cleaver, India

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