The earliest Muntiacus (Artiodactyla, Mammalia) from the Late Miocene of Yuanmou, southwestern China

Wei DONG, Yuerong PAN & Jianhui LIU

en Comptes Rendus Palevol 3 (5) - Pages 379-386

Published on 30 September 2004

The extended excavations from 1998 to 2000 in Yuanmou, Yunnan Province, southwestern China, resulted in the discovery of a new Late Miocene (ca 9-7 Ma) hominoid locality with associated mammalian fauna at Leilao. It includes a new muntjak, Muntiacus leilaoensis sp. nov. It has similar morphology to the extant forms and is the earliest record of the Muntiacus. This discovery shows that the Muntiacus are a persistent and conservative group in contrast with the other rapidly evolving cervids since ca 9-7 Ma.


Muntiacus, Cervidae, Artiodactyla, Yuanmou, China, Late Miocene

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