The dinosaurs of Romania are exclusively Cretaceous. Lowermost Cretaceous dinosaurs come from a bauxite mine in the Bihor county (northwest Romania) that has yielded thousands of disarticulated bones. Uppermost Cretaceous dinosaurs have been known from the Haţeg Basin (south Transylvania) since the end of the 19th century, mostly as bone concentrations (‘fossiliferous pockets’); more recently, nests with dinosaur eggs, including hatchlings, have been found in Haţeg. Although separated by a ca 60 Myr gap, the two dinosaur faunas from Romania share some common features: predominance of ornithopods, absence of large theropods (substituted in the case of the Maastrichtian Haţeg assemblage by several small theropods), and, in general, the small size of the individuals (dwarfism). These aspects seem to be explained by the isolated island habitat of both assemblages.
dinosaurs, Romania, Cretaceous