Looking for provisioning places of shaped tools of the late Neanderthals: A study of a Micoquian open-air site, Pietraszyn 49a (southwestern Poland)

Andrzej WIŚNIEWSKI, Tobias LAUER, Marcin CHŁOŃ, Katarzyna PYŻEWICZ, Marcel WEISS, Janusz BADURA, Tomasz KALICKI & Katarzyna ZARZECKA-SZUBIŃSKA

en Comptes Rendus Palevol 18 (3) - Pages 367-389

Published on 31 May 2019

The purpose of this article is to yield new insights into the topic of provisioning places of late Neanderthals using records from the central European Micoquian workshop Pietraszyn 49a, located in southwestern Poland. The site has been radiometrically dated back, using optically stimulated luminescence, to the final phase of Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 4 or the beginning of MIS 3. The technological study, supported by numerous refits, shows that the main goals of manufacturing were shaped tools typologically corresponding to knives, handaxes, and bifacial scrapers. Considering the large variety of lithic raw materials and technical features, it can also be concluded that this assemblage resulted from the activity of at least several individuals. A microscopic investigation of use-wear traces indicates that this place was integrated within other elements of foraging zones, such as killing or butchering sites.


Micoquian, Late Neanderthals, workshop, shaped tools, operational sequence, provisioning

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