New Patagonian baurusuchids (Crocodylomorpha; Notosuchia) from the Bajo de la Carpa Formation (Upper Cretaceous; Neuquén, Argentina): New evidences of the early sebecosuchian diversification in Gondwana

Juan Martín LEARDI, Diego POL & Zulma GASPARINI

en Comptes Rendus Palevol 17 (8) - Pages 504-521

Published on 31 December 2018

The Bajo de la Carpa Formation (Santonian) of the Neuquén basin (southwestern Argentina) has one of the most complete crocodyliform records of South America, together with the Adamantina and Marília formations of Brazil. In this contribution we report two fragmentary individuals from two different localities of the Bajo de la Carpa Formation: a middle-sized individual (MLP 26-IV-30-2), represented by postcranial remains from the Boca del Sapo locality and a large-bodied individual (MACN Pv-RN 1150), consisting only of snout elements from Paso Córdoba locality. Despite the remains of both specimens are fragmentary, they display anatomical characters of a specialized notosuchian carnivore clade: Baurusuchidae. Our phylogenetic analysis recovers these new individuals as non-baurusuchine baurusuchids, although they take multiple phylogenetic positions on the different most parsimonious trees. These new remains highlight the relevance of the Bajo de la Carpa Formation for understanding the rise of notosuchians during the Late Cretaceous.


Cretaceous, Neuquén basin, Notosuchia, Baurusuchidae, Patagonia, Argentina

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