First mammal species identified from the Upper Cretaceous of the Rusca Montană Basin (Transylvania, Romania)

Vlad Aurel CODREA, Alexandru Adrian SOLOMON, Márton VENCZEL & Thierry SMITH

en Comptes Rendus Palevol 16 (1) - Pages 27-38

Published on 28 February 2017

Multituberculate mammals are scarce in the Late Cretaceous of Europe, being recorded exclusively from the Maastrichtian terrestrial deposits of the Haţeg and Transylvanian basins, in Romania. Moreover, they all belong to the endemic and primitive cimolodontan family Kogaionidae. Here, we report multituberculate teeth originating from the Maastrichtian fluviatile sediments of the Rusca Montană Basin (Occidental Carpathians, Poiana Ruscă Mountains). This is the westernmost occurrence of these Cretaceous mammals in Romania. These teeth are assigned to Barbatodon oardaensis, the smallest Cretaceous kogaionid species. This study presents the first occurrence of this species outside the Metaliferi sedimentary area (southwestern Transylvania, Romania). The distribution of Romanian Maastrichtian kogaionids is also discussed.


Mammals, Multituberculates, Kogaionids, Maastrichtian, Occidental Carpathians, Romania

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