Typologie et provenance de l’obsidienne du site néolithique d’A Guaita (NW Cap Corse, Corse, France)

François-Xavier LE BOURDONNEC, Gérard POUPEAU, Françoise LORENZI, Pierre MACHUT & Jean SICURANI

fr Comptes Rendus Palevol 13 (4) - Pages 317-331

Published on 30 June 2014

Typology and provenance of obsidians from the A Guaita Neolithic site (NW Cap Corse, Corse, France)

The provenance of a large fraction of the obsidians from the Neolithic site of A Guaita was determined for its three chronocultural layers, between the second half of the 6th millennium and the beginning of the 4th millennium. The elemental composition of 140 samples was obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM–EDS) and/or ion beam analysis (PIXE). One hundred and thirty-eight obsidians were found to come from Sardinia and the remaining two from Palmarola Island. This result confirms the almost unique presence of Sardinian obsidians in Corsica and extends this observation to the northern end of the island. The three main Sardinian obsidian types, SA, SB2, and SC, are represented at A Guaita, with a predominance of SB2 and SC. The occurrence of two obsidians from Palmarola suggests that occasional contacts with the Italian Peninsula were in effect from the 6th millennium, in agreement with previous data from ceramics.


Obsidian, Provenance, SEM–EDS, PIXE, Typology, Neolithic, A Guaita, Corsica

Download full article in PDF format Order a reprint