This article is part of the zoological categorizations as established in the classical Arab works. We focused in particular on the Kitāb al-ḥayawān of Al-Ğāḥiẓ. This zoological categorization mainly benefited from the contributions of classical Arab lexicographers, who gleaned a mass of zoological information drawn from Arab nomads. Analysis of Kitāb al-ḥayawān shows that problems of ambiguity in zoological names attracted the attention of Al-Ğāḥiẓ. The latter was led to dissect each of these problems and to give answers that are still relevant today.
Arabic zoology, Islamic zoology, animal classification, zoological categorization.