To continue the paleoparasitological work on prehistoric lakeside settlements, several recent and final Neolithic sites, dated from 3900 to 2900 BC, located in north-eastern Switzerland (Canton of Thurgau) and south-western Germany (Bade-Wurttemberg) were studied. The comparative study of each site permitted to show important variations of the parasites biodiversity. The results of this study complete the state of the knowledge on north alpine Neolithic parasites. Furthermore these results gave new perspectives to paleoparasitology concerning the understanding of parasites evolution throughout the time, but also concerning the putting in evidence of possible ancient populations? migrations and cultural changes, during this prehistoric period.
Paleoparasitology, helminths, eggs, Neolithic, Alps, Pfÿn, Horgen.