rbcL analysis supports the tribe Gymnothamnieae Kajimura (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta)

Christine A. MAGGS & Lynne M. MCIVOR

en Cryptogamie, Algologie 23 (3) - Pages 263-274

Published on 30 August 2002

The tribe Gymnothamnieae Kajimura was proposed for the monotypic ceramiacean genus Gymnothamnion J.Agardh, previously placed either in the Ptiloteae Cramer or the Antithamnieae Hommersand. A bisporangial isolate of G. elegans (Schousboe ex C.Agardh) J.Agardh from Morocco formed only bisporangia in culture. Its smaller uninucleate cells and sporangia than those of tetrasporophytes suggested that bisporophytes may be haploid as in another member of the Ceramiaceae, Aglaothamnion diaphanum L’Hardy-Halos et Maggs. Phylogenetic analyses of the gene for the large subunit of rubisco (rbcL) from Gymnothamnion and representatives of eight other tribes of the Ceramiaceae confirmed that the removal of Gymnothamnion from the Ptiloteae and the Antithamnieae was warranted. Whereas ail tribes with two or more representatives in our analyses were moderately or robustly resolved, Gymnothamnion did not form a strong clade with any other taxa. Analysis of rbcL sequences failed to resolve relationships between tribes, probably due to saturation at the high levels of sequence divergence found. In addition to reproductive features previously reported and interpreted as primitive, G. elegans shows a primitive vegetative feature and it is suggested that Gymnothamnion may be one of the most basal of the taxa presently included in the Ceramiaceae.


Bisporangia, Ceramiaceae, life history, marine red algae, molecular systematics, morphology, rbcL

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