Andrachne sect. Pseudophyllanthus is revised and a detailed sectional description is given. The section comprises the well-known A. ovalis from Southern Africa as well as two new species from Madagascar which are here described and illustrated for the first time. The systematic position of the section is discussed and a provisional key to the presumed relatives of the group is given.
Euphorbiaceae, Phyllanthoideae, Andrachne, Madagascar, South Africa