The present study deals with the Eneopterinae crickets from Vanuatu, in particular from Espiritu Santo Island. Seven new species are described: Cardiodactylus aobaensis n. sp., C. epiensis n. sp., C. pentecotensis n. sp., C. tankara n. sp., Lebinthus santoensis n. sp., L. nattawa n. sp., L. malekulensis n. sp., and two are redescribed (C. cheesmani Otte, 2007 and C. enkraussi Otte, 2007). Descriptions focus on male and female genitalia, and forewing venation, while data are presented to define fine-scaled habitat, behaviour, and song repertoires.
Insecta, Orthoptera, Grylloidea, Cardiodactylus, Lebinthus, habitat, acoustic communication, Vanuatu, new species.