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Apocynaceae p.p., Phellinaceae, Capparaceae
Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, volume 27
Living and working with giants
a multispecies ethnography of the Khamti and elephants in Northeast India
Not just a corridor
Human occupation of the Nile Valley and neighbouring regions between 75,000 and 15,000 years ago
La langue des bois
l'appropriation de la nature entre remords et mauvaise foi
Trouble dans le genre : le rhinocéros est un oiseau ! Les débuts islamiques de l’anthropozoologie
Anthropozoologica 55 (18)
The Epistle on Animals of the Brethren in Purity (Iḫwān al-ṣafā) classifies the rhino in the bird family. Starting with such a taxonomic incongruity, the present article aims to write the history of the revolution of animal classification in Arabic zoology. Such a paradigm shift was initiated by the Epistles of the Brethren in Purity then accomplished by Ibn Abī al-Ašʿaṯ and consisted in the substitution of eco-biological criteria by an anthropological one. This shift points out the clear consciousness that Man was a leading force of nature, for he became the organizing principle of the animal world.
Utilisation des Corbicules (Corbicula sp. Müller, 1774) comme biomarqueurs d’éléments toxiques dans les réseaux trophiques aquatiques en France
Naturae 2020 (14)
In recent years, Asian clams and especially Corbicula species (C. fluminea (O. F. Müller, 1774) have widely and rapidly colonized several large river basins in France (Loire, Garonne, Rhône) and in Europe, as in other loci of introduction. Their exponential development and their filtration capacities have impact on environments, and can at least locally cause competition between native and introduced species. Beyond their effect of filtering organisms, Asian clams have also been integrated into aquatic food webs, becoming the prey of species as diverse as fishes (Catfish Silurus glanis (Linnaeus, 1758)), birds (wader species), mammals (Muskrat Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766), Raccoon Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758)) or crustaceans (crayfish).
Late Triassic to Early Jurassic radiolarian, conodont and ammonite assemblages from the Tavuscayiri block, Mersin Mélange, southern Turkey: Time constraints for the T/J boundary and sedimentary evolution of the southern margin of the northern Neotethys
Geodiversitas 42 (27)
The Mersin Mélange (northwest of Mersin city) includes a variety of large sedimentary blocks/tectonic slices of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic origins. Of these, the latter represents facial and tectonostratigraphic counterparts of the Beysehir-Hoyran Nappes (remnants of the northern Neotethys). The Tavuscayiri Block, located at the center of the mélange and close to the Orbuklukeli hill, is one of such Mesozoic occurrences, with a continuous pelagic sequence from the Upper Triassic to Lower Jurassic. At the Orbuklukeli hill, a succession of middle Norian to Toarcian age has been precisely dated, which starts with conodont assemblages for the Norian and Rhaetian and includes radiolarians for the upper Rhaetian.
A morphometric comparison of two sympatric Campylopus Brid. (Leucobryaceae, Bryophyta) species
Cryptogamie, Bryologie 41 (19)
Campylopus Brid. is a widely distributed genus with some very generalist species. Morphological differences between non and sex-expressing plants and the frequent occurrence of non-sex-expressing shoots have generated difficulties in the identification of the group. Our main objective was to morphologically compare the gametophytes of two species of Campylopus: Campylopus julaceus A.Jaeger and Campylopus lamellatus Mont. We performed morphometric analyses (based on 21 gametophyte characters), quantified their sexual expressions, and tested the viability of the asexual propagula produced by C. julaceus. Our results indicate that those putative species do not form two mutually exclusive groups. Sexual expression in C.
A new fossil species of Trentepohlia (Diptera, Limoniidae) from the Dominican Miocene
Zoosystema 42 (29)
We present the description of a new species of Limoniidae Rondani, 1856. Trentepohlia (Paramongoma) miocenica Mederos & Wang n. sp. is described from resinites (little or poorly polymerized amber) of Yanigua Formation, in the Eastern District of Dominican Republic, well differentiated from the other species from the fossil record of Hispaniola to date, Trentepohlia (Paramongoma) agri Podenas & Poinar, 1999. A key to the five fossil species of the subgenus Paramongoma Brunetti, 1911 described to date is also offered.
Three novel species of Russula Pers. subg. Compactae (Fr.) Bon from Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve in southern China
Cryptogamie, Mycologie 41 (14)
Three novel species of Russula Pers. subg. Compactae (Fr.) Bon from southern China are described with morphological evidence and phylogenetic analyses based on ITS and the concatenated partial LSU, mtSSU, rpb1, rpb2 and tef1 gene sequences. All three species possess sparse and broad lamellae. Russula latolamellata Y.Song & L.H.Qiu, sp. nov., is characterized by its cracking, black-tan pileus, scarlet-turning context on bruising and absence of pileocystidia and caulocystidia. Russula nigrocarpa S.Y.Zhou, Y.Song & L.H.Qiu, sp. nov., can be distinguished by its off-white lamellae, small basidiospores, hymenial cystidia and pileocystidia of various forms, often with forked apices and by its gelatinous pileipellis.
New insights into the distribution and variation of Passiflora cerasina Annonay & Feuillet
Adansonia 42 (17)
Until recently, Passiflora cerasina was known only from two herbarium specimens. Three botanical expeditions in French Guiana, in 2008, 2009, and 2017, have greatly improved our knowledge on its geographical distribution and morphological variation. A key to the Guianese species of series Laurifoliae is given. As the holotype mentioned in the original description is missing, we propose a neotype collected from the locus classicus.
Hiérarchisation de la valeur de préservation des oiseaux nicheurs à enjeux : application d’un indice intégrateur pour le département d’Ille-et-Vilaine
Naturae 2020 (13)
A standardized and flexible method for prioritizing and integrating several dimensions of the conservation value of species was developed and applied to breeding birds (131 species) throughout a French administrative unit: the “département” of Ille-et-Vilaine (35). The methodology is based on three criteria commonly used to assess the value of preservation: species vulnerability, rarity and biological (phylogenetic and functional) originality. These criteria are described by nine complementary indicators provided as continuous or discrete variables. The computational principle of the index is based on scoring, which distributes the values of the indicators of each criterion into five increasing categories of scores.
The Gravettian on the Basque Crossroads: a glimpse of Palaeolithic territoriality
Comptes Rendus Palevol 19 (8)
In recent decades, the Gravettian in the Basque Country has ceased to be a poorly known bridge between the Aurignacian and the Solutrean and has acquired its own personality. Progress in fieldwork and laboratory studies, the discovery of new sites in rock-shelters and in the open air, changes in the location pattern of the sites, and better knowledge of the lithic raw materials and their spatial distribution have greatly improved our understanding of the period. The main advances made since 1990 are described in this overview. At the present time, we are probably closer to describing territoriality in the Gravettian than for any other technocomplex in the region.
The lichen genus Schistophoron Stirt. (Ascomycetes, Graphidaceae) in Brazil with a world key to the species
Cryptogamie, Mycologie 41 (13)
The genus Schistophoron Stirt. is reported for the first time from Brazil, based on collections from Mato Grosso do Sul State. Two species, S. indicum Kr.P.Singh & Swarnalatha, and S. tenue Stirt., were found, both of which are described and illustrated. In addition, a brief characterization of the other know species, with their geographic distribution, a comparative table and a world key are provided to facilitate their identification.
Taxonomic study of Hypotrachyna subg. Everniastrum (Hale ex Sipman) Divakar, A.Crespo, Sipman, Elix & Lumbsch (Ascomycota) from China
Cryptogamie, Mycologie 41 (12)
The taxonomy of Hypotrachyna subg. Everniastrum (Hale ex Sipman) Divakar, A.Crespo, Sipman, Elix & Lumbsch from China is revised based on morphological, chemical and phylogenetic analyses. Four species new to science (Hypotrachyna corallifera Xin Y.Wang & Li S.Wang, sp. nov., H. longicilia Xin Y.Wang & Li S.Wang, sp. nov., H. puerensis Xin Y.Wang & Li S.Wang, sp. nov., and H. yunnana Xin Y.Wang & Li S.Wang, sp. nov.) and a new floristic record for one species (H. catawbiensis (Degel.) Divakar, A.Crespo, Sipman, Elix & Lumbsch) in China are reported, and a total of fifteen species are confirmed, including all the species previously reported from China.
Analysis of the type material of Synedra deformis W.Sm. and Synedra vaucheriae var. deformis Grunow (Fragilariaceae, Bacillariophyta)
Cryptogamie, Algologie 41 (13)
Despite being one of the dominant groups in the diatom flora of our rivers and lakes, the correct taxonomic identity of several Fragilaria Lyngb. taxa (formerly in the genus Synedra Ehrenb.) is often blurred by insufficient knowledge of the different morphological types. The present paper illustrates and discusses several former Synedra taxa using both light and scanning electron microscope observations. Based on the morphological analysis, Synedra deformis W.Sm. is transferred to the genus Fragilaria as Fragilaria deformis (W.Sm.) Van de Vijver & Ector, comb. nov. A second Synedra species, S. vaucheriae var.