Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos volume 31
Deep-Sea Crustaceans from Papua New Guinea
Les Coléoptères Dynastidae de Guyane
Acoustic Ecology of European Bats
Species Identification, Study of their Habitats and Foraging Behaviour. Second edition
Atlas des oiseaux migrateurs et hivernants d'Aquitaine
Dordogne, Gironde, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Finite element analysis of the proximal phalanx of the thumb in Hominoidea during simulated stone tool use
Comptes Rendus Palevol 19 (2)
Finite element analysis was applied to analyze six individuals from different primate species (Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758, Homo neanderthalensis King, 1864, Pan troglodytes Blumenbach, 1779, Gorilla gorilla Savage, 1847, Pongo pygmaeus Linnaeus, 1760 et Hylobates lar Linnaeus, 1771) to identify stress distribution patterns on the pollical proximal phalanx during simulated hammerstone use. We expected the stress to be better distributed in our species than in other hominids based on the idea that, unlike apes, the human hand is adapted to tool-related behaviors. Our results indicate that the human phalanx unevenly distributes stresses and is one of the most fragile of all, especially when a small hammerstone is simulated.
La classification des animaux sauvages chez un naturaliste et médecin du Xe siècle Aḥmad Ibn Abī al-Ašʿaṯ
Anthropozoologica 55 (11)
We consider the classification of animals of a scholar of the 10th century, Aḥmad Ibn Abī al-Ašʿaṯ, a recognized practitioner and theoretician in the field of medicine. This author had a wide knowledge of the works of his Greek predecessors, including Galen. His original approach addresses the field of wild animal taxonomy (in his book Kitāb al-Ḥayawān) by their constitution and composition by the four elements. While taking into account other factors, mainly the living environment, this classification differs from that of Aristotle or the Arab scholar al-Ğahiz (9th). In this paper, we delve deeper into the analysis of a chapter of his work, on the classification of wild animals, which is particularly remarkable for its theoretical and systematic aspect.
New bryophyte records from the Mediterranean region of Chile
Cryptogamie, Bryologie 41 (11)
Based on recent fieldwork and examination of herbarium collections from different parts of the Mediterranean climate areas of Chile, we report ten new bryophyte records for the country, including three liverwort and seven moss taxa. Six of these records are also new to South America. In addition, Trichostomum brachydontium Bruch is newly reported for continental Chile. Most species reported here correspond to ephemeral taxa, mostly visible only during the wet winter months (June-September). These results stress the need for further basic exploration of Chile bryophyte flora, and the urgent need to improve the cryptogamic collections in national herbaria. Acaulon uleanum Müll.Hal.
A synopsis of Colura (Dumort.) Dumort. (Marchantiophyta: Lejeuneaceae) in India
Cryptogamie, Bryologie 41 (10)
The genus Colura (Dumort.) Dumort. is morpho-taxonomically investigated in India and eight species have been recognized mainly distributed in three different bryo-geographical regions of the country. Colura corynophora (Nees, Lindenb. & Gottsche) Trevis. is reported here for the first time from India, C. leratii (Steph.) Steph. is added to the East Himalayan bryogeographical territory, C. acroloba (Prantl) Jovet-Ast, C. ari (Steph.) Steph. and C. conica (Sande Lac.) K.I. Goebel are new additions to Mizoram, while C. tenuicornis (A. Evans) Steph. is a new report to the state of Meghalaya.
Stéphane Peigné (1973-2017) – Obituary
Geodiversitas 42 (19)
Stéphane Peigné passed away on December 4, 2017 after a long and courageous struggle against a devastating illness. He was hopeful of having defeated it in 2016, but it inexorably caught up with him again. Stéphane was born in 1973 in a small town in eastern France and completed his studies in that region, where he obtained his Baccalauréat. His higher studies began at the University of Nancy with a course in life sciences, which he followed up at the University of Bourgogne, receiving his licenciate in biology there, followed by a master in ecology.
A critical review of cyanobacteria distribution and cyanotoxins occurrence in Atlantic Ocean islands
Cryptogamie, Algologie 41 (9)
Cyanobacteria are diverse, complex and a unique group of microorganisms that inhabit a wide variety of environments. Contrarily to continental areas, studies on cyanobacteria in islands are scarce and need to be reinforced, since climate change impacts are expected to be harsher in islands, due to their geographical isolation and higher exposition to external influences. Here we present a review of the occurrence of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in inland and coastal ecosystems in the Atlantic Ocean islands.
Tendance et répartition des limicoles nicheurs du Marais poitevin. Bilan des deux enquêtes 2005-2006 et 2015-2016
Naturae 2020 (5)
Situated on the West atlantic coast, the Marais poitevin is one of the largest wetlands in France after the Camargue. Known on an international level for welcoming migrating and wintering waterbirds, the Marais poitevin is also a key site on national level for breeding shorebirds. Since the 1950s, the landscape of the Marais poitevinhas changed dramatically – more than 47 % of grasslandshave been converted for cereal production. This study compares the two most recent decadal counts of eight shorebird species breeding in the Marais poitevin.
Stuck in the middle. A geographical appraisal of the oldest insectivores – and a marsupial – from the Vallès-Penedès Basin (early Miocene, Catalonia, Spain)
Comptes Rendus Palevol 19 (1)
The Vallès-Penedès Basin in Catalonia (NE Spain) forms a biogeographically important connection between central Europe and the Iberian Peninsula. Whereas this is well documented for the late middle and early late Miocene, the early Miocene sequence has received far less attention. New excavations yielded micromammal assemblages from the Ramblian and early Aragonian.
Taxonomic studies of Diospyros L. (Ebenaceae) from the Malagasy region.IV. Synoptic revision of the Squamosa group in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands
Adansonia 42 (10)
A synoptic revision of the Squamosa group of Diospyros L. (Ebenaceae) in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands is presented in which nine species are recognized, including six new species that are described and illustrated (Diospyros antakaranae Capuron ex G.E. Schatz & Lowry, sp. nov., Diospyros betamponensis G.E. Schatz & Lowry, sp. nov., Diospyros callmanderi G.E. Schatz & Lowry, sp. nov., Diospyros darainensis G.E. Schatz & Lowry, sp. nov., Diospyros phillipsonii G.E. Schatz & Lowry, sp. nov., and Diospyros sennenii G.E. Schatz & Lowry, sp. nov.). A key to the species is provided, along with an IUCN risk of extinction assessment for each species. Five species are assessed as Endangered (D.
On the morphology of the astragalus and calcaneus of the amphicyonids (Carnivora, Mammalia) from the Paleogene of Europe: implications for the ecology of the European bear-dogs
Geodiversitas 42 (18)
The Paleogene mammals of Europe are rarely known from partial or complete skeletons. As a result, their systematics and ecology are often solely based on dental characters and postcranial remains, when available, are usually neglected. This explains why the locomotion of mammals of the Eocene-Oligocene transition, the “Grande Coupure”, is poorly known. The aim of this study is to describe the tarsal bones (astragali and calcanei) and characterize the locomotion of amphicyonid carnivorans, one of the most abundant mammalian predator groups from the Phosphorites du Quercy (France) sites.
Anthoceros tristanianus J.C.Villarreal, J.J.Engel & Váňa in Váňa & Engel (Anthocerotaceae, Anthocerotophyta) a new record for South America from the Colombian bryophyte flora
Cryptogamie, Bryologie 41 (9)
Anthoceros tristanianus J.C.Villarreal, J.J.Engel & Váňa is reported here for the first time in South America from the Colombian flora, increasing the number of Anthoceros Linnaeus species recognized in that country to five. We present a taxonomic description, diagnostic characters, information concerning the ecology and geographic distribution of the species, as well as brief comparisons with morphologically similar taxa.
New Brazilian Tafaliscina increase the diversity of this Neotropical cricket clade (Orthoptera: Grylloidea: Gryllidae: Oecanthinae: Paroecanthini)
Zoosystema 42 (19)
Tafaliscina Desutter, 1988 (Grylloidea Laicharting, 1781, Gryllidae Laicharting, 1781, Oecanthinae Blanchard, 1845, Paroecanthini Gorochov, 1986) are a Neotropical cricket clade with a remarkable morphological diversity. We study here their Brazilian representatives. We describe one new genus (Veredatrypa Campos n. gen.) and three new species from Cerrado and Caatinga, i.e., Veredatrypa rosai n. gen., n. sp., V. seca n. gen., n. sp. and V. fusca n. gen., n. sp., and two new species of Tafalisca Walker, 1869 from Amazon Forest, i.e., T. duckeana n. sp. and T. vestigialis n. sp. The new genus and the new species are mainly characterized by their male phallic complexes and forewings.