Overview of Mitaraka survey: research frame, study site and field protocols
Zoosystema 40 (13)
This article introduces the biodiversity survey “Our Planet Reviewed” in the south of French Guiana organized in February-March and August 2015. It has enabled more than 50 scientists to inventory the following groups: Actinopterygii, Amphibia, Annelida, Arachnida, Insecta, Mollusca and Squamata, with a particular effort on diverse and little-known orders, such as Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera and Hymenoptera. The forested area under investigation presents a mosaic of hills and inselbergs, with a wide variety of ecosystems. The main objectives were to discover new species for science, report first records for French Guiana, and establish a baseline inventory for biogeographic studies.
Early bison remains from Mygdonia Basin (Northern Greece)
Geodiversitas 40 (13)
The continuous enrichment of the European Pleistocene mammal fossil record leads inevitably to a comprehensive forthcoming review of the biogeographic and evolutionary history of bisons on the continent. New and revised data from the post-Olduvai (<1.8 Ma)-pre-Jaramillo (>1.0 Ma) time span of the Mygdonia basin (N. Greece), exposed here, indicate the presence of a small bison referred to as Bison cf. degiulii (Masini, Palombo & Rozzi, 2013) due to its similarities with the contemporaneous type material from the Italian Peninsula. A series of minor morphometrical changes detected across chronologically successive Mygdonia bison populations is interpreted as local adaptations to harsher environmental conditions.
Nomenclature of the New Caledonian genera Arthroclianthus Baill. and Nephrodesmus Schindl. (Fabaceae-Desmodieae)
Adansonia 40 (8)
New Caledonian Vascular flora is characterised by its high level of richness with more than 3000 species with endemism at the species level higher than 75%. Only 65% of described species have been under a recent taxonomic revision. Fabaceae are not in rest, only the Mimosoideae subfamily (ex Mimosaceae) have been through a revison in 1983. Since, only few fabaceae species have been described. Most papilionoid genera got less than five species and only two genera are endemic from New caledonia: Arthroclianthus Baill. and Nephrodesmus Schindl., in the Desmodieae tribe, got respectively 19 and six species described. The only monograph of Arthroclianthus is hundred years old and the last described species within these two genera was done 80 years ago.
Floristical and Palaeoecological implications of the Early Cretaceous sequences of Krishna-Godavari Basin, East coast of India
Geodiversitas 40 (12)
The Early Cretaceous plant diversity and palaeoecology of the Krishna-Godavari Basin flora is studied. The study is based on the plant fossils collected by the authors during the recent years and published reports of past work. Nature and mode of preservation of the leafy fossils were considered to understand the vegetation relationship. Similarly, Nearest Living Equivalent method and palaeoecological information of diverse plant groups from the published sources, along with sedimentological inputs are adopted to draw the palaeoenvironnement. The results show that the flora was dominated by bennettitaleans. The vegetation includes plant fossils from the parauto- to allo-chthonous sources.
A mountain of millipedes VII: The genus Eviulisoma Silvestri, 1910, in the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, and related species from other Eastern Arc Mountains.
European Journal of Taxonomy 2018 (445)
Twenty-two new species of the genus Eviulisoma Silvestri, 1910, from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania, are described: E. acaciae sp. nov., E. aequilobatum sp. nov., E. akkariae sp. nov., E. angulatum sp. nov., E. articulatum sp. nov., E. biquintum sp. nov., E. breviscutum sp. nov., E. cetafi sp. nov., E. chitense sp. nov., E. commelina sp. nov., E. coxale sp. nov., E. ejti sp. nov., E. grumslingslak sp. nov., E. kalimbasiense sp. nov., E. navuncus sp. nov., E. nessiteras sp. nov., E. ottokrausi sp. nov., E. paradisiacum sp. nov., E. sternale sp. nov. and E. zebra sp. nov. from the Udzungwa Mts, E. culter sp. nov.
Revision of Hesione Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (Annelida, Errantia, Hesionidae)
Zoosystema 40 (12)
The species of Hesione Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 are among the most colorful marine benthic annelids, but their pigmentation often fades in ethanol, rendering it of little use as a diagnostic feature. Further, the body includes only 16 chaetigers but because parapodia are modified after preservation, several authors have lumped most species under a few names. The digestive and reproductive systems are known for a single species (H. sicula delle Chiaje, 1830), and its gonads are hermaphroditic. In order to improve our knowledge of the genus, available specimens in the larger collections of the world were studied under a standardised approach, parapodial/neurochaetal features were defined following previous guidelines, and pigmentation patterns were reassessed.
Quelle stratégie de recherche pour une meilleure conservation de la biodiversité terrestre dans les îles tropicales ultramarines françaises ?
Naturae 2018 (2)
The 11 French Overseas tropical island territories, located in three oceans (Atlantic, Indian and Pacific), harbored a high species and habitat diversity on small terrestrial areas. Indeed, these islands comprise 70% of the 17,947 endemic plant and animal species known in France on an area of only 4 % of the French nation. This “mega-biological” diversity hold France responsible for the study and conservation of this biodiversity at the international level. Moreover, this unique natural heritage is highly threatened by local and global anthropogenic changes (e.g. loss and degradation of natural habitats, biological invasions, climate change) with exacerbated impacts in the more vulnerable island ecosystems, and with record numbers of extinct of endangered endemic species.
New species of subterranean and endogean terrestrial isopods (Crustacea, Oniscidea) from Tuscany (central Italy)
Zoosystema 40 (11)Seven new species of subterranean and endogean terrestrial isopods from Tuscany (central Italy) are described in the families Trichoniscidae Sars, 1899 (Leucocyphoniscus pisanus n. sp., Moserius gruberae n. sp., Moserius talamonensis n. sp.) and Armadillidiidae Brandt, 1833 (Typhlarmadillidium occidentale n. sp., Paraschizidium ferrarai n. sp., Trogleluma pilosa n. sp. and Alloschizidium labronicum n. sp.). The diagnostic characters and the affinities of the new species are discussed.
Les pêches miraculeuses de Godric de Finchale : dauphins et saumons à volonté dans la vie d’un saint anglais du XIIe siècle
Anthropozoologica 53 (8)
The life of the hermit Godric of Finchale was written in Latin by the English monk Reginald of Durham, according to the testimony of the holy hermit, shortly after his death in 1170. It is a hagiographic narrative including several miraculous fishings, which provides information on the aquatic fauna in the XIIth century in the estuary of Welland and in the rivers around Durham. At key moments of the narration, aquatic animals play an important role: the story of three beached dolphins, as well as the abundance of delicious salmons, which rush into the nets of the saint as soon as needed, are not fanciful nor trivial at all.
Un compilateur en eaux (in-)connues : Thomas de Cantimpré et la faune aquatique du nord-ouest de l’Europe
Anthropozoologica 53 (7)
This paper studies how the Dominican compiler Thomas of Cantimpré deals with ichthyological information from his own country in his Latin encyclopedia called Liber de natura rerum (c. 1242-1247), and the posterity he will have in works directly influenced by him. The first part analyses the passages where Thomas of Cantimpré provides some geographical indications on marine wildlife, focusing on the few sections where Northwestern Europe and vernacular nomenclatures are mentioned. The compiler’s position is paradoxical. On the one hand, he is familiar with the wildlife of the region he himself comes from, but on the other hand the authorities he quotes originate mainly from the Mediterranean area and sometimes do not give precise information in this respect.
The world fauna of Synchroidae Lacordaire, 1859 (Coleoptera, Tenebrionoidea, Synchroidae)
European Journal of Taxonomy 2018 (407)
Synchroidae Lacordaire, 1859 is a taxonomically and biologically poorly known group. In the present paper, diagnostic characters used to separate genera are analysed and the phylogenetic relationships within this family are preliminarily investigated. Results suggest that the characteristic Synchroa pangu Hsiao, Li, Liu & Pang, 2016 can be removed to establish a new genus, Thescelosynchroa gen. nov. The new combination, T. pangu (Hsiao, Li, Liu & Pang) gen. et comb. nov., is proposed. The definitions of Synchroa Newman, 1838 and Synchroina Fairmaire, 1898 are revised. Moreover, morphological analysis and character comparison also suggest that the familial placement of Mallodrya subaenea Horn, 1888 is questionable.
1802-2018: a 220-year history of the Muséum periodicals
Geodiversitas 40 (1)
1802: the young Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle takes its first step into scientific publishing with the review Annals. 2018: nearly 220 years later, the Muséum periodicals are published online as fast-track articles, available in Diamond Open Access and with XML mark-up. This thorough technical modernisation has been implemented by the Science Press team over a 20-year period.