Floristical and Palaeoecological implications of the Early Cretaceous sequences of Krishna-Godavari Basin, East coast of India
Geodiversitas 40 (12)
The Early Cretaceous plant diversity and palaeoecology of the Krishna-Godavari Basin flora is studied. The study is based on the plant fossils collected by the authors during the recent years and published reports of past work. Nature and mode of preservation of the leafy fossils were considered to understand the vegetation relationship. Similarly, Nearest Living Equivalent method and palaeoecological information of diverse plant groups from the published sources, along with sedimentological inputs are adopted to draw the palaeoenvironnement. The results show that the flora was dominated by bennettitaleans. The vegetation includes plant fossils from the parauto- to allo-chthonous sources.
Revision of Hesione Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (Annelida, Errantia, Hesionidae)
Zoosystema 40 (12)
The species of Hesione Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 are among the most colorful marine benthic annelids, but their pigmentation often fades in ethanol, rendering it of little use as a diagnostic feature. Further, the body includes only 16 chaetigers but because parapodia are modified after preservation, several authors have lumped most species under a few names. The digestive and reproductive systems are known for a single species (H. sicula delle Chiaje, 1830), and its gonads are hermaphroditic. In order to improve our knowledge of the genus, available specimens in the larger collections of the world were studied under a standardised approach, parapodial/neurochaetal features were defined following previous guidelines, and pigmentation patterns were reassessed.
Quelle stratégie de recherche pour une meilleure conservation de la biodiversité terrestre dans les îles tropicales ultramarines françaises ?
Naturae 2018 (2)
The 11 French Overseas tropical island territories, located in three oceans (Atlantic, Indian and Pacific), harbored a high species and habitat diversity on small terrestrial areas. Indeed, these islands comprise 70% of the 17,947 endemic plant and animal species known in France on an area of only 4 % of the French nation. This “mega-biological” diversity hold France responsible for the study and conservation of this biodiversity at the international level. Moreover, this unique natural heritage is highly threatened by local and global anthropogenic changes (e.g. loss and degradation of natural habitats, biological invasions, climate change) with exacerbated impacts in the more vulnerable island ecosystems, and with record numbers of extinct of endangered endemic species.
Gastropods and bivalves from the Eocene marly formations of the Pamplona Basin and surrounding areas (Navarre, western Pyrenees)
Geodiversitas 40 (11)
Gastropods and bivalve associations from the middle and ?upper Eocene (Bartonian and ?Priabonian) sedimentary succession of the Pamplona Basin are described. This succession was accumulated in the western part of the South Pyrenean peripheral foreland basin and extends from deep marine turbiditic (Ezkaba Sandstone Formation) to deltaic (Pamplona Marl, Ardanatz Sandstone and Ilundain Marl formations) and marginal marine deposits (Gendulain Formation). Fossils are generally fragmentary and many correspond to remains that have undergone taphonomic reworking. Significant effects of diagenesis are also detected, with evidence of compression or deformation, dissolution, aragonite-calcite neomorfism and cementation by celestite. Bioerosion traces and fossil encrusters are common.
New species of subterranean and endogean terrestrial isopods (Crustacea, Oniscidea) from Tuscany (central Italy)
Zoosystema 40 (11)Seven new species of subterranean and endogean terrestrial isopods from Tuscany (central Italy) are described in the families Trichoniscidae Sars, 1899 (Leucocyphoniscus pisanus n. sp., Moserius gruberae n. sp., Moserius talamonensis n. sp.) and Armadillidiidae Brandt, 1833 (Typhlarmadillidium occidentale n. sp., Paraschizidium ferrarai n. sp., Trogleluma pilosa n. sp. and Alloschizidium labronicum n. sp.). The diagnostic characters and the affinities of the new species are discussed.
Bluegrasses (Poa L., Poaceae) of Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, an annotated checklist
Adansonia 40 (7)
Thirty four species of genus Poa L. are reported on the territory of Yakutia, two of them are represented by several subspecies. Poa sergievskajae Prob. and P. ochotensis Trin. are reported there for the first time, as well as four species – P. angustiglumis Roshev., P. attenuata Trin., P. subglabriflora Roshev., and P. trivialis L. were excluded, being erroneously reported previously. The key for identification and new species Poa orienti-sibirica sp. nov. is presented here. The new species is morphologically close to P. stepposa (Krylov) Roshev. and P. skvortzovii. It differs from P. stepposa by pilose rachilla, and from P. skvortzovii by a long, more than 1.8 mm, ligule.
Les pêches miraculeuses de Godric de Finchale : dauphins et saumons à volonté dans la vie d’un saint anglais du XIIe siècle
Anthropozoologica 53 (8)
The life of the hermit Godric of Finchale was written in Latin by the English monk Reginald of Durham, according to the testimony of the holy hermit, shortly after his death in 1170. It is a hagiographic narrative including several miraculous fishings, which provides information on the aquatic fauna in the XIIth century in the estuary of Welland and in the rivers around Durham. At key moments of the narration, aquatic animals play an important role: the story of three beached dolphins, as well as the abundance of delicious salmons, which rush into the nets of the saint as soon as needed, are not fanciful nor trivial at all.
Annotated checklist of Afrotropical Trogolaphysa Mills, 1938 (Hexapoda: Collembola: Paronellidae) and description of a new species from Madagascar
Zoosystema 40 (10)
The Paronellini Börner, 1906 of Africa and Madagascar are poorly known. Nineteen Paronella-like species have been reported from Africa, but it is unclear how they are distributed among genera as currently defined. Here we review all references containing descriptions and reports of Paronella-like species from Africa, Madagascar and the Seychelles. And based on that information we propose generic allocations for all forms. As a result, 11 species are referred to Trogolaphysa Mills, 1938; three to Paronella Schött, 1893; one to Troglopedetes Absolon, 1907; one may be assigned to either Trogolaphysa or Lepidonella Yosii, 1960; one could be placed in Trichorypha Schött, 1893 or Paronella, and two are nomina nuda.
Un compilateur en eaux (in-)connues : Thomas de Cantimpré et la faune aquatique du nord-ouest de l’Europe
Anthropozoologica 53 (7)
This paper studies how the Dominican compiler Thomas of Cantimpré deals with ichthyological information from his own country in his Latin encyclopedia called Liber de natura rerum (c. 1242-1247), and the posterity he will have in works directly influenced by him. The first part analyses the passages where Thomas of Cantimpré provides some geographical indications on marine wildlife, focusing on the few sections where Northwestern Europe and vernacular nomenclatures are mentioned. The compiler’s position is paradoxical. On the one hand, he is familiar with the wildlife of the region he himself comes from, but on the other hand the authorities he quotes originate mainly from the Mediterranean area and sometimes do not give precise information in this respect.
The species of Scrophularia L. (Scrophulariaceae) with white margined leaves in Flora Iranica
Adansonia 40 (6)
The white-margined leaf is a recognizable character in some species of Scrophularia L. This character is observed in the specific group of Scrophularia deserti Delile and its synonyms. The taxonomic identity of these species in Flora Iranica is reviewed. Detailed studies on the type specimens, protologue information and herbarium material of the taxa clearly indicated that the taxonomic status of S. marginata Boiss. is not correct. Here, this species is resurrected as a distinct species rather a synonym for S. deserti. In addition, S. cabulica Benth. is an incorrect synonym for S. deserti. In fact, after careful investigation on S. deserti complexities, it is considered as a valid taxon.
The world fauna of Synchroidae Lacordaire, 1859 (Coleoptera, Tenebrionoidea, Synchroidae)
European Journal of Taxonomy 2018 (407)
Synchroidae Lacordaire, 1859 is a taxonomically and biologically poorly known group. In the present paper, diagnostic characters used to separate genera are analysed and the phylogenetic relationships within this family are preliminarily investigated. Results suggest that the characteristic Synchroa pangu Hsiao, Li, Liu & Pang, 2016 can be removed to establish a new genus, Thescelosynchroa gen. nov. The new combination, T. pangu (Hsiao, Li, Liu & Pang) gen. et comb. nov., is proposed. The definitions of Synchroa Newman, 1838 and Synchroina Fairmaire, 1898 are revised. Moreover, morphological analysis and character comparison also suggest that the familial placement of Mallodrya subaenea Horn, 1888 is questionable.
1802-2018: a 220-year history of the Muséum periodicals
Geodiversitas 40 (1)
1802: the young Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle takes its first step into scientific publishing with the review Annals. 2018: nearly 220 years later, the Muséum periodicals are published online as fast-track articles, available in Diamond Open Access and with XML mark-up. This thorough technical modernisation has been implemented by the Science Press team over a 20-year period.