New Laboulbeniales from China (Ascomycota)
Cryptogamie, Mycologie 41 (1)
The following six new species of Laboulbeniales from China are described: Laboulbenia assingii, sp. nov., parasitic on Mimogonus, sp. (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae); L. rugosa, sp. nov., parasitic on Amerizus (Tiruka), spp. (Coleoptera, Carabidae); Rhachomyces latellae, sp. nov., parasitic on an unidentified cavernicolous Carabidae; R. spiralis, sp. nov., parasitic on Guizhaphaenops, sp. (Coleoptera, Carabidae); R. toledanoi, sp. nov., parasitic on Amerizus (Tiruka) perraulti Deuve (Coleoptera, Carabidae); Stigmatomyces ferrugineus, sp. nov., parasitic on Desmometopa, sp. (Diptera, Milichiidae).
Scilla hakkariensis, sp. nov. (Asparagaceae: Scilloideae): a new species of Scilla L. from Hakkari (eastern Anatolia)
Adansonia 42 (2)
Scilla hakkariensis, sp. nov. (Asparagaceae), described herein as a new species to science, is endemic to the eastern Anatolian region of Turkey. It is related to S. libanotica Speta and S. mischtschenkoana Grossh., but clearly differs from them based on the morphological differences presented in the species description. Specifically, it is easily distinguished from both of them by its seeds without elaiosome. In addition, the conservation status, a distribution map, and notes on the biogeography and ecology of the new species are given.
Que le papegau n’est pas toujours vert. Une perruche à collier lutino à la cour du duc de Berry au début du XVe siècle
Anthropozoologica 55 (3)
Duke John of Berry, son, brother and uncle of a king, is famous for his achievement as patron and builder. To this passion for the arts, the Duke associated, like many of his contemporaries, a particular attraction for animals, especially exotic ones, which enriched his menagerie. Some guests of this menagerie are known through historical sources: doe, bears, swans, one ostrich and even one dromadary, as well as a large number of songbirds. Among the winged group, the parakeet is indirectly mentionned in the Duke’s inventories by a “caige d’un papegal”. However, this bird appears several times in the manuscripts commissioned by the Duke, notably in the Grandes Heures (Jacquemart de Hesdin et al. 1409) where it wears twice a yellow plumage.
A new species of Tungurictis Colbert, 1939 (Carnivora, Hyaenidae) from the middle Miocene of Junggar Basin, northwestern China and the early divergence of basal hyaenids in East Asia
Geodiversitas 42 (3)
We document new materials of Tungurictis Colbert, 1939, a basal hyaenid (hyena family), from the Junggar Basin in northern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, northwestern China, and recognize a new species, T. peignei, n. sp., from the top of the Suosuoquan Formation through the top of the overlying Halamagai Formation. Associated upper and lower teeth, plus isolated lower jaws, are described, and collectively these span c. 17-14 Ma in local stratigraphic sections. The new species represents the smallest and most primitive form of Tungurictis, which gave rise to T. spocki Colbert, 1939 in the middle Miocene Tunggur Formation of Inner Mongolia.
Encyonema keshrii, sp. nov.: a new diatom species (Cymbellales, Bacillariophyceae) from the Indian subcontinent
Cryptogamie, Algologie 41 (2)
Despite more than 150 years of diatom research in India, cymbelloid taxa have rarely been investigated when compared to the other parts of the world. A new freshwater species of Encyonema Kützing was discovered from the mountain ranges of Peninsular India and is described based on light and scanning electron microscopy observations. This paper provides a comparison of the new taxa with morphologically similar taxa of the genus Encyonema. Encyonema keshrii, sp. nov., is characterized on the basis of distinctive morphological characters including valve and apex shape as well as striae density. Enccyonema keshrii, sp.
Annotated checklist of the Dermaptera (Insecta) of French Guiana
Zoosystema 42 (4)
We establish the first checklist of the earwig species from French Guiana, updating previous works. This list comprises 49 species distributed in five families: Pygidicranidae Verhoeff, 1902, Forficulidae Stephens, 1829, Labiduridae Verhoeff, 1902, Spongiphoridae Verhoeff, 1902, Anisolabididae Verhoeff, 1902. Twenty-four species are cited for the first time from French Guiana and five species are only mentioned from bibliographical records. Three misidentified records are discarded. Species diversity in French Guiana is similar to neighboring countries and a few additional species will probably be found.
Adlafia diahotensis, sp. nov. (Bacillariophyceae), a new species from New Caledonia
Cryptogamie, Algologie 41 (1)
During a survey of epilithic diatoms in the running water of the main island of New Caledonia, a new species was found: Adlafia diahotensis Le Cohu, Marquié & Tudesque, sp. nov. This species is characterized by the valve outline with ends wedge shaped obtusely rounded. In light microscopy, the striae are only discernible in the center of the valve. In scanning electron microscopy, the internal proximal raphe endings are shortly deflected towards the primary side of the valve and far apart from each other.
Icacinaceae fossil fruits from three sites of the Paris Basin (early Eocene, France): local diversity and global biogeographic implications
Geodiversitas 42 (2)
The Icacinaceae family have an important fossil record, mainly in the Paleogene of North America and Europe. The importance of this family in the Paleogene of the Paris Basin has been investigated recently based on two assemblages, Le Quesnoy (Houdancourt) and Rivecourt (Oise), and here we treat the Icacinaceae from three additional early Eocene sites. The Passy site reveals the presence of a new species, Iodes passiciensis Del Rio & De Franceschi, sp. nov., unique in having 25-29 areoles with no freely ending ridgelets, small pores, and rounded ridges. Two other species described previously from the Paleocene of Rivecourt were also recorded.
An annotated list of hornwort and liverwort species of Serbia
Cryptogamie, Bryologie 41 (3)
The level of knowledge on the hornwort and liverwort flora of Serbia has increased in recent decades. Based on a thorough review of the literature and herbarium data, an updated list of the hepatic and liverwort taxa present in Serbia is compiled and presented. Taking into account recent taxonomic and nomenclatural changes, totals of 133 species and six infraspecific taxa are reported for the country. An additional eight species are rejected with explanatory annotations. The list includes data on the presence of taxa in separate regions and counties of the country.
A revision of Xylopia L. (Annonaceae): the species of Madagascar and the Mascarene islands
Adansonia 42 (1)
We recognize 30 species of the pantropical genus Xylopia L. from Madagascar and an additional three species from the Mascarene Islands. Of the six sections of the genus, three are represented in the region: sect. Xylopia, sect. Verdcourtia, and sect. Stenoxylopia. All species are endemic, and many are microendemics of conservation concern. The greatest species richness occurs in humid forests below 1000 m. Taxonomic review supports the hypothesis that the genus dispersed to Madagascar from continental Africa five times. Ten new species are described: Xylopia anomala D.M.Johnson & N.A.Murray, sp. nov., X. australis D.M.Johnson & N.A.Murray, sp. nov., X. carinata D.M.Johnson & N.A.Murray, sp.
On the taxonomic position of Phaenomenella Fraussen & Hadorn, 2006 (Neogastropoda, Buccinoidea) with description of two new species
Zoosystema 42 (3)
This contribution provides novel information on the anatomy, radula and phylogeny of several species of Phaenomenella Fraussen & Hadorn, 2006, a genus of Buccinoidea Rafinesque, 1815 with unclear affinities. Molecular phylogenetic analysis based on sequences of mitochondrial COI and nuclear 28S rRNA genes of different representatives of Buccinoidea revealed close relationships of Phaenomenella with Siphonalia A. Adams, 1863 both taxa forming a clade with maximal support. The anatomy of two species of the latter genus was examined for the first time for comparative purposes.
Functional inferences on the long bones of Ischyrictis zibethoides (Blainville, 1841) (Carnivora, Mustelidae) from the middle Miocene locality of Sansan (Gers, France)
Geodiversitas 42 (1)
In the present paper, we carry out a deep analysis of the functional anatomy of the long bones of the fossil, wolverine-sized mustelid Ischyrictis zibethoides (Blainville, 1841) in comparison with that of several extant related species. The study reveals that this animal lacked specific adaptations for either climbing or running, probably being a terrestrial predator that foraged mostly on the ground. Thus, some features of the anatomy of its long bones suggests that I. zibethoides required a strong control of those articulations involved in terrestrial locomotion, such as the elbow or the coxofemoral joint.