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Les apports des sciences participatives à la connaissance naturaliste : le cas de l’enquête participative « Lichens forestiers du Massif central »

Théo MARÉCHAL, Sylvain MARSY, David HAPPE, Thomas DARNIS, Jacques-Henri LEPRINCE, Philippe ANTONETTI, Christian HURTADO & Rémy PONCET

fr Naturae 2019 (9) - Pages 233-255

Published on 06 November 2019

Contributions of participatory sciences to naturalistic knowledge: the case of the participatory survey “forest lichens of the Massif central”

From 2015 to 2016, some scientific and institutional structures got involved to set up and implement a participatory project on lichens impulsed by the DREAL Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (the local representation for the French ministry of environment) focused on several lichens species : Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm., L. scrobiculata (Scop.) DC., Sphaerophorus globosus (Huds.) Vain., S. fragilis (L.) Pers., Xanthoria parietina (L.) Th. Fr., Flavoparmelia sp., Usnea sp. et Ramalina fraxinea (L.) Ach. The so-called “Participatory survey on forest lichens in Massif-Central” enabled to collect almost 3000 occurrence data, including validated observations of new species in some parts of the project area. The construction and animation processes of the project are summarized and discussed in relation to the resources raised and the results obtained (data set, structuring of a network of actors, etc.). Compatibility between participatory sciences and taxonomic groups known to be difficult such as lichens is demonstrated. The autecology of the target species is specified for the Massif central and promotion perspectives of the constituted dataset are discussed.


Keywords :

Participatory projects, ecology, distribution, forest ecosystems, Lobariaceae, epiphyte species.

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