In the context of an ecopathological study, the tempéraments of 4 129 cows were recorded according to a pre-determined list: dominant, leader, astute, curious, calm, timid, lively, malicious, stupid, neutral. At the same time, health disorders and reproduction performances were listed. Three types of herds have been identified from the temperament distribution: mainly neutral cows (type 1), mainly curious or astute cows (2), mainly lively, timid, stupid or malicious cows (3). These types could be linked to three categories of farmers: the dominant (1), the affectionate (2) and the reserved (3).
Dairy cows, Temperament, Health, Ecopathology, Typology.