The dipteran family Pipunculidae Walker, 1834 is recorded from French Guiana for the first time. It is represented by five genera, with four identified species (including a new species), and 13 females identified to genus level (including Amazunculus Rafael, 1986). Cephalops amapaensis Rafael, 1991, Cephalosphaera aurata Souza & Ale-Rocha, 2009, and Eudorylas fortis Rafael, 1995 are recorded for the first time from French Guiana, and Clistoabdominalis mitarakensis Marques & Rafael, n. sp. is described and illustrated.
Big-headed flies, French Guiana, Neotropics, new records, new species.