Collembola Poduromorpha Börner, 1913 belonging to the families of Hypogastruridae Börner, 1906, Brachystomellidae Stach, 1949, Neanuridae Börner, 1901 and Onychiuridae Lubbock, 1867 from Yemen were studied. A new species, Xenylla vanharteni n. sp., is described with the combination of following characters: 5 + 5 eyes present, mucro separated from dens and chaetotaxy of “bgklort” type. Remarks to the original description of Penelopella pohli (Barra, 2006) n. comb. is presented. New localities for seven further species are given.
Hypogastruridae, Brachystomellidae, Neanuridae, Onychiuridae, new record, new species, new combination.