An recent collection of Diplopoda deriving from Albania contains thirty-two identifiable species, including four new to science: Acanthopetalum subpatens n.sp. (Schizopetalidae), Anamastigona albanensis n.sp. (Anthroleucosomatidae), Metonomastus petrelensis n.sp. (Paradoxosomatidae) and Typhloiulus beroni n.sp. (Julidae). The millipede fauna of Albania and adjacent lands is reviewed, with a checklist currently encompassing fifty genera and over 150 species or subspecies. Some new synonymies are established concerning: Glomeris pustulata Latreille, 1804; Acanthopetalum carinatum (Brandt, 1840); Brachyiulus varibolinus Attems, 1904; Acanthoiulus fuscipes (C. L. Koch, 1847); P. varius (Fabricius, 1781); Leptoiulus sarajevensis Verhoeff, 1898; Leptoiulus Verhoeff, 1894. A substitute name is proposed for Leptoiulus storkani Verhoeff, 1932: L. jaroslavi nom. nov. The julid tribe Typhloiulini is synonymized under the Leptoiulini. The name Diploiulus Berlese, 1883, is considered to have been properly typified in the original description, with Julus terrestris Linnaeus, 1758, being its valid type species; Diploiulus becomes objective synonym of Julus Linnaeus, 1758, and Acanthoiulus Verhoeff, 1896 takes priority in the list of synonyms or subgenera of Pachyiulus. Pachyiulus krivolutskyi Golovatch, 1977, is a new subjective junior synonym of Iulus foetidissimus Muralewicz, 1907, non Iulus foetidissimus Savi, 1819, it is available as a replacement name to avoid homonymy. The following taxa are new from Albania: Glomeris pustulata Latreille, 1804; Acanthopetalum albidicolle Verhoeff, 1900; Brachydesmus herzogowinensis Verhoeff, 1897; Leptoiulus macedonicus (Attems, 1927); Brachyiulus apfelbeckii Verhoeff, 1898; Megaphyllum imbecillum (Latzel, 1884); Metonomastus Attems, 1937; and Anamastigona Silvestri, 1898.
Diplopoda, fauna, taxonomy, Albania.