The type material of twenty-two nominal species of New Caledonian trochoidean gastropods, housed in the Muséum d'Histoire naturelle, Bordeaux, is discussed. The species were described by FISCHER, LAMBERT, MONTROUZIER and SOUVERBIE in the Journal de Conchyliologie from 1858-1879. Lectotypes are designated where more than one specimen is present and the primary types of all are illustrated. In the majority of cases the relationships of the taxa to other tropical western Pacific species require further investigation. Few of the names can be used as the earliest available names with any degree of certainty. New synonyms: Tectaria montrouzieri Fischer, 1878 = Monodonta angulifera A. Adams, 1853; Trochus gilberti Montrouzier in Fischer, 1878 = Ziziphinus polychroma A. Adams, 1853; Trochus (Euchelus) fossulatulus Souverbie in Souverbie & Montrouzier, 1875 = Stomatella cancellata Krauss, 1848.