A revision of the Sibyllinae (Mantodea). The exclusively African subfamily Sibyllinae, with the type genus Sibylla Stål, 1856, is fully revised by examining more than 1000 specimens. Identification keys are provided at all the levels, and descriptions with measurements and illustrations are given for all the taxa, while an inventory of known specimens is established for each. One genus, one subgenus and six species are newly named, and an attempt of evolutive scheme is provided, from morphological, biogeographical and biological data.
Mantodea, Sibyllinae, Sibylla, taxonomic revision, new taxa, biogeography, Africa south of Sahara