Cololejeunea indica Pandé & Misra (Lejeuneaceae: Marchantiophyta) previously treated as a synonym of C. spinosa (Horik.) Pandé & Misra, is reinstated as a distinct species. It is characterised by a 4-celled, elongate vitta accompanied by basal ocelli and the presence of a single-celled stylus. Cololejeunea planiflora Benedix is a new synonym of Cololejeunea indica. A detailed description is provided, based on new and recent collections of this species from Mizoram.