A revised list of mosses and their distribution in Malta up till 2011 is presented. Ten species and one variety are new, but six previous records are considered questionable and five have been rejected. Nineteen species have not been found again since 1915. Over 50 of the species listed belong to Pottiaceae, reflecting the prevailing arid climate of the Maltese island. The semi/natural habitats host the greatest diversity and need to be protected.