This contribution lists a series of new records as well as deletions from the bryophyte check-list of the Canary and Cape Verde islands based on field observations as well as revisions of herbarium material. Rhabdoweisia crispata is reported for the first time in the Canary Islands, new to Macaronesia. Aneura pinguis is a new record for the Cape Verde archipelago. Within the Canaries, 14 species are reported as new for several individual islands: Lejeunea cavifolia, Plagiochila stricta, Grimmia ungeri, and Scorpiurium deflexifolium in La Palma; Metzgeria leptoneura in Gran Canaria; Plagiochila maderensis, Pohlia cruda, Pteryginandrum filiforme, and Tortella inflexa in Tenerife; Plagiochila virginica in El Hierro and Fuerteventura; Cratoneuron filicinum in La Gomera; Orthotrichum acuminatum in El Hierro and Gran Canaria; Cryptoleptodon longisetus and Polytrichum juniperinum in Fuerteventura. In the Cape Verde Islands, Orthotrichum diaphanum is reported for the first time from Santo Antão. Revisions of herbarium material also conclude that Grimmia donniana, Sciuro-hypnum populeum and Plagiochila spinulosa were erroneously reported from the Canary Islands.