Rhynchostegiopsis Müll.Hal. is a morphologically variable genus of five species. They are found in moist, humid habitats in montane forests, in Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, tropical Andes, and south-eastern Brazil. One species, R. costaricensis H.Rob. & D.G.Griffin, distinctive because of its ‘tufts’ of propagules on the dorsal leaf surface, was considered to be a narrow Central American endemic (Costa Rica, Honduras). A recently discovered collection from Colombia confirms the presence of this species in northern South America.