Taxonomic study of taxa belonging to the Andreaea heinemannii group in the Iberian Peninsula is presented.Type collections of Hampe and Luisier were examined. One new combination, Andreaea heinemannii Hampe & Müll. Hal. subsp. crassifolia (Luisier) Sérgio comb. et stat. nov., is proposed for Iberian plants. Characters discriminating the two subspecies are discussed and illustrated.