The camel remains from site HD-6 (Ra’s al-Hadd, Sultanate of Oman): an opportunity for a critical review of dromedary findings in eastern Arabia

Antonio CURCI, Michela CARLETTI & Maurizio TOSI

en Anthropozoologica 49 (2) - Pages 207-224

Published on 26 December 2014

This article is a part of the thematic issue Ancient camelids in the old world - between Arabia and Europe

Bone remains of camel (Camelus dromedarius) have been found in several sites of south-eastern Arabia, dating from the Late Holocene period to the Bronze Age, and generally attributed to wild animals. The new camel finds from the Early Bronze Age site of Ra’s al-Hadd (HD-6) – dated with radiocarbon technique between 2890-2580 BC – are the oldest camel evidence in the Sultanate of Oman. This discovery represents an opportunity for a critical review of all available data in the Arabian Peninsula. These remains are important because widen our knowledge about camel spreading trajectory and raise an obvious question about its omestication or wild status. This study contributes to the debate about camel status and the relationship between late prehistoric communities and this animal.


Camel, domestication, Bronze Age, Sultanate of Oman

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