The Middle Palaeolithic open air site Wallertheim was excavated in the 1920's. The site is characterized by a dominance of the species Bison priscus in the faunal material. Indications of repeated and selective exploitation of this species by Middle Palaeolithic hunters were provided by detailed taphonomic analysis. The lines of evidence which lead to this conclusion are summarised.
Middle Palaeolithic, Germany, faunal analysis, exploitation of bovids, hunting.