Le critère spatial dans la classification des animaux en Grèce ancienne


fr Anthropozoologica 21 - Pages 79-86

Published on 01 November 1995

This article is a part of the thematic issue Animal in man's space, man in the animal space. Proceedings of the 5th international meeting of HASRI, Genova, 23-25 November 1994

The Space Criteria in the Classification of Animals in Ancient Greece

The materialistic and ecological theory of space, developed by the earliest Greek philosophers helps one understand how the Greeks used spatial criteria to explain zoological differences. The environment has direct, almost mechanical influences on the animals which live there. Spatial divisions let one analyse in a systematic way the material differences between animals. This criterion appears most valid and efficient for dieteticians insofar as they regard the animal as food. And thefield where it is used with the greatest precision is ichthyology to the extent that fishes have only alimentary value.


Classification, Dietetic, Ichtyology, Space, Ancient Greece, Topography.

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