Since centuries, man has been translocating animals for many different reasons. The nearly worldwide distribution of domestic animals can also be seen as an extreme kind of translocation. The ecological consequences of these mouvements are often detrimental to the local ecosystems with a loss in their initial biodiversity. The sanitary consequences are often more indirect but as important. With the recent reintroduction programmes concerning endangered species, sometimes already extincted in their natural range, these questions urge actual answers.
Introduction, translocation, reintroduction, ecological and sanitary consequences.