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Nouvelle description, classification, répartition et variations morphologiques interpopulations d'un diplopode troglobie du sud-est du Brésil (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Chelodesmidae)

Jean-Paul MAURIÈS & Jean-Jacques GEOFFROY

fr Zoosystema 22 (1) - Pages 153-168

Published on 30 March 2000

Redescription, classification, distribution and morphological variations between populations of a cave-dwelling millipede from south-east Brazil (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Chelodesmidae)

The cave-dwelling polydesmid millipede Alocodesmus yporangae Schubart, 1946, from southeastern Brazil, is redescribed and its systematic position is discussed. A new monospecific genus Leodesmus Mauriès & Geoffroy is created [type species: Alocodesmus yporangae Schubart, 1946; Leodesmus yporangae n. comb.] and placed in the tribe Cornalatini (Chelodesmidae, Chelodesminae). Leodesmus can be distinguished from the other Cornalatini by a no monoliform habitus, and from the genus Obiricodesmus by the slide-shaped prefemoral process of the gonopods. Three morphological «forms» are formally recognized: «type», «acutus» and «alambari». Their geographical distributions are discussed according to a hypothesis of allopatric and peripatric processes of speciation.

Keywords :

Diplopoda, Brazil, biospeleology, speciation, taxonomy.

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