To identify an animal and give it a name also means to domesticate it. The Arabic literature is using different metaphors for calling animals of the same species, giving them alternately one or several names or nicknames. Therefore, hundreds of names have been listed in repertoires. Our source is a text written in twelfth century's Iraq, which is a part of the rich Arabic biographical literature. We have been collecting some names and nicknames attributed to a number of animals according to different themes.
Animal, arabic, names, Middle Ages, biographical literature.