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Redescription of the holotype of Phyloblatta gaudryi (Agnus, 1903) (Pennsylvanian; Commentry, France), an exceptionally well preserved stem-dictyopteran

Olivier BÉTHOUX, Jörg W. SCHNEIDER & Klaus-Dieter KLASS

en Geodiversitas 33 (4) - Pages 625-635

Published on 30 December 2011

The holotype of Phyloblatta gaudryi (Agnus, 1903), provided from the famous deposit of Commentry (Allier, France), exhibits a pair of forewings and a hind wing in connection, well preserved. Forewings show a network of veinlets in the area between M and CuA, and evidence of a fusion of some branches of M with CuA. It is concluded that the m-cua veinlets belong to M and that a reticulated fusion between M and CuA occurs. This fusion is considered as a homologue of the “dictyopteran forewing arculus”, but as an intermediate polymorphic state between “occurrence of a single discrete arculus” and “no arculus”. The preserved hind wing is devoid of an m-cua arculus, has a multi-branched AA vein on the remigium, and has a vannus of limited extent. The new data on P. gaudryi might allow the phylogenetic position of Pennsylvanian stem-dictyopterans with respect to crown-dictyopterans to be better assessed.

Keywords :

Insecta, Dictyoptera, Pennsylvanian, Late Carboniferous, wing venation pattern, arculus, vannus

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