The herpetofauna from the upper Pleistocene of El Harhoura 1 cave is represented by Bufo mauritanicus Schlegel, 1841, Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758) and Bufo sp. (amphibians), Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758 (chelonians) and Eumeces algeriensis Peters, 1864, Malpolon monspessulanus (Hermann, 1804) and Macrovipera cf. M. mauritanica (Duméril & Bibron, 1848) (squamates). The assemblage of amphibians and reptiles characterizes a semi-arid bioclimatic zone of the Mediterranean climate and a probable open environment with temporary water ponds. From a chronological point of view, the herpetofauna of El Harhoura 1 is contemporary to levels of the recent Soltanian from Doukkala I and II sites.
Amphibia, Chelonii, Squamata, upper Pleistocene, El Harhoura 1, Morocco, paleoenvironment