A preliminary check-list of the bryoflora of Albania (SE Europe) within its political boundaries is presented. It consists of 327 taxa representing 141 genera and 62 families. This list is based on literature reports from 1888, and it represents the first check-list for the bryophytes of this country. Reports before 1950 are distinguished from those based on more recent records. Some taxa previously reported for Albania, but from localities actually outside Albanian present-day political borders are indicated and excluded. Synonyms from the works considered are reported.