A new species of Anobothrus (Polychaeta, Ampharetidae) from the Weddell Sea (Antarctica), with notes on habitat characteristics and an updated key to the genus

Friederike SÄRING, Andreas BICK & Heike LINK

en European Journal of Taxonomy 789 (130) - Pages 130-152

Published on 02 February 2022

Benthic samples were collected during two expeditions near the Antarctic Peninsula and in the South-Eastern Weddell Sea. During these studies, a new species of Ampharetidae Malmgren, 1867, Anobothrus konstantini Säring & Bick sp. nov., was found. Here we present a detailed description of this species. We used the traditional light microscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) to identify and describe the diagnostic characters: a circular glandular band on segment 6; an elongate ridge between the notopodia on segment 12 and modified notochaetae on this segment; 16 thoracic, two intermediate and ten abdominal segments. For the first time, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) was used for a species description of Anobothrus. Micro-CT provided information on the shape of the prostomium (Ampharete-type) and the arrangement of branchiae (four pairs in two rows, without a gap). In addition, we provide quantitative information on the environmental niche based on sediment parameters (chlorophyll a content, organic matter content, chloroplast equivalent, grain size) for the new Anobothrus species, relevant for, e.g., species distribution modelling. Finally, an identification key for all Anobothrus species is provided.

Anobothrus konstantini Säring & Bick sp. nov., Antarctic Peninsula, ecology, Filchner Trough, micro-CT analysis, SEM
Download full article in PDF format Order a reprint