The nearly complete skeleton of a new lambeosaurine dinosaur, Olorotitan arharensis, has been discovered in the Maastrichtian Tsagayan Formation at Kundur, Far Eastern Russia. This is the most complete dinosaur skeleton ever discovered in Russia and, with its finely preserved supracranial crest, the most complete lambeosaurine outside North America. This new taxon is remarkable by the unusual shape of its hollow crest and by the important elongation of its neck and of its sacrum. An additional articulation between adjacent neural spines made the proximal third of the tail rigid, but it cannot be excluded that it is a pathological feature. Phylogenetic analysis shows that Olorotitan is the sister-taxon of the North American genera Corythosaurus and Hypacrosaurus. Lambeosaurines originated from Asia and then migrated to North America before or at the beginning of the Late Campanian.
Maastrichtian, Amur Region, Lambeosaurinae, phylogeny, palaeogeography, Russia