Two new parapagurid species with subconical corneas, Oncopagurus conicus n. sp. and Paragiopagurus schnauzer n. sp., are described based on collections by French expeditions to New Caledonia, the Philippines and Solomon Islands, in the western Pacific. These represent the 16th and 18th documented species of Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 and Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996, respectively. Two other parapagurids are known to have subconical corneas, Sympagurus acinops Lemaitre, 1989, and Oncopagurus minutus (Henderson, 1896). Also reported are specimens of two rare and morphologically unique parapagurids, Typhlopagurus foresti de Saint Laurent, 1972 and Bivalvopagurus sinensis (de Saint Laurent, 1972), and represent geographical and bathymetric range extensions for both species. The diagnoses of the monotypic genera Typhlopagurus and Bivalvopagurus are to be modified due to new data on morphology and biology. The former genus was given to include T. foresti, wrongly assumed to lack cornea, thus presumed blind; and the latter for B. sinensis, prematurely assumed to exclusively use bivalve shells as housing.
Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Parapaguridae, Paragiopagurus, Oncopagurus, Typhlopagurus, Bivalvopagurus, hermit crabs, deep-water, misnomers, new species.