A new species of glypheid of the previously monotypic genus Neoglyphea Forest & de Saint Laurent, 1975, N. neocaledonica n. sp., is described from deep waters in the Coral Sea. The unique female specimen is described and compared to the other species of the genus, N. inopinata Forest & de Saint Laurent, 1975. The two species can be easily separated by a series of characters: in N. neocaledonica n. sp., the general shape is more stout, the anterior part of the cephalothorax bears a series of dorsal carinas, the first pereiopods are shorter, the eyes larger, the coloration consists of spots pattern.
Crustacea, Decapoda, Glypheoidea, Neoglyphea, deep water, West Pacific, new species.